1. It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. "Exodus 19:15 declares that one prerequisite for approaching holy things is to keep oneself from sexual intercourse. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. In this place his person must have been known, and to venture into that country, he their greatest enemy, and with the sword of Goliath in his hand, would seem to have been a perilous experiment; but, doubtless, the protection he received … give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there … Now therefore what is under thine hand? One of the town's leading sinners (then getting somewhat advanced in years) went up to be saved; and one of his neighbors said, "Jackson, you ain't quit your sins; your sins have quit you"! David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? "Doeg the Edomite" (1 Samuel 21:7). Did they not sing to one another of him in dances, And David took these words to heart, and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. Resources » Commentaries » 1 Samuel » Chapter 21 » exegesis. And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-21.html. The priests of Nob had every opportunity to weigh it. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. And herein he showed great sagacity and penetration. And that man was wont to go up from his city from appointed time to appointed time, to prostrate … The International Critical Commentary interpretation here is that the words "from Saul" in this passage mean that, "He went directly to Achish from the presence of Saul. 1 Samuel 21:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 21:9, NIV: "The priest replied, 'The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here; it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod.If you want it, take it; there is no sword here but that one.' David's reply here has an element of humor in it. It is hard to find a single mistake that Samuel made. One of Saul’s servants was there, and he was an Edomite, a chief herdsman of Saul. Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. 1 samuel 21 commentary 1. Speaking of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews says that "He had to be made like His brethren in all thin… "David came to Nob to Ahimelech" (1 Samuel 21:1). Some were concealed, such as offering David one of his daughters in marriage (which required David to act valiantly in war to prove his worthiness as a husband – 18:17-29). (1 Samuel 21:11). I Samuel 21-24 Listen So, sometimes you act a little extreme to stay alive (I Samuel 21) 1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? 1 Samuel Chapter 21 Summary Things seemed okay until one little problem popped up on the screen. This, of course gave him the opportunity to escape and keep the rendezvous with his men. It was holy from the fact of its being used in the tabernacle and only the priests were eligible to eat it. "[8] This habit of turning things over to the sons was well established in Eli's family; and therefore we like Young's explanation as the better one. All Rights Reserved. "He went to Achish the king of Gath" (1 Samuel 21:11). His conduct was degrading, and discovered wavering in his faith and courage. (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. For example, the International Critical Commentary rejects the arrangement in this chapter, affirming that, "David had ample time to furnish himself for flight, after Jonathan bade him farewell,"[2] supposing that this journey of David to Nob must have happened that night when Michal let him down through the window. Nob was but a village located a mile or two northeast of Jerusalem near Anathoth (Isaiah 10:32). A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste." (1 Samuel 20:38). They merely refer to David's continued flight from Saul. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 21. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. Doeg was an Edomite, and the descendants of Esau were a continual thorn in Israel's flesh. How great danger he was in, appears plainly from the 34th and 56th Psalms, which he composed upon this occasion. And David answered the priest, "Of a truth, women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy"? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here." The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. Critical commentators waste much of their energies questioning the chronological arrangement of the various episodes from the life of David that are recorded in First Samuel, overlooking the important fact that the inspired author of this Biblical document does not claim that he has set down all of these incidents in the chronological order of their occurrence. "[13] It could be that the enforcement upon Doeg of some disciplinary action resulted in the hatred that must have entered into his heartless slaughter of that whole priestly community. Perhaps he had made an appointment to meet them at some particular place as soon as he tested his chances of operating in Gath. (10-15). Cook wrote that, "The words here rendered `a cloth' actually refer to Goliath's military cloak, which was part of the dedicated trophy. Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. (1) He would be the chief actor in the destruction of the entire company of the priests at Nob; and (2) David's recognition of him meant that David was required to get out of Nob as rapidly as possible. The *Lord calls Samuel. 1 Samuel 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . David asked of Ahimelech bread and a sword. This reminds us of what happened once in a big tent revival. (Psalm 73:16-17). . It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. Here is David, anointed to be king; destined to rule over great lands and wealth, but living in caves on the run begging for food and fearing for his life. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. "[3] "Ahimelech and Ahijah are probably equivalent names of the same person."[4]. First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. The superscriptions of Psalms 34; Psalms 52; and Psalms 56 are founded upon events in this chapter. All other rights reserved. . We are not told here where David's men were who accompanied him to Nob. Then said Achish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man is mad; why then have you brought him to me? That this is a true chronological arrangement is certainly as likely as anything that 19th century or 20th century critical scholars have concocted in place of it. Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. David with Ahimelech. Those could have been let down by Michal as easily as she let down David outside the city wall. Doeg would certainly have notified Saul of David's presence there. The story of Samuel’s call is full of important details that are pregnant with meaning, right from the opening verses which set the stage (verses 1-3). "Now therefore what is under thine hand? ... 21:1 "Nob" This (BDB 611) became the site of YHWH's tabernacle after the destruction of Shiloh. "[10] The usual explanation of this, however, is that of Porter, "It is generally assumed that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary under some priestly discipline. The High Priest here agreed to bend the rules in order to aid the king's son-in-law. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Jesus Christ mentioned this event and also "the men that were with" David (Matthew 12:3-4). Eli the priest led him. Shall this fellow come into my house"?". Nob— A city of priests, where the tabernacle now was. So the priest gave him the holy bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.". Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 21, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. This severely frightened David, and he immediately began feigning madness. David with Ahimelech. "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. This is a disputed text, but David may have meant here that, "Even if the bread were common bread, it would become consecrated by the consecrated vessel in which he proposed to carry it. "And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. Anointed! David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. Ahimelech supposed they might eat the shew-bread. But alone. And David said to Ahimelech, "And have you here a spear or a sword at hand? 1. We must choose God's best or our own way. And David said, "There is none like that; give it to me.". ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle. David said, 'There is none like it; give it to me.'" David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. However, the soldiers of Achish recognized David, arrested him and would most certainly have opposed any inclination of Achish to grant political asylum to David. Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. The Books of Samuel. Samuel, Saul and David. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. We appreciate the words of Keil regarding this chapter to the effect that, "It removes the objections raised by critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before US. He says, “When I thought how to understand this, it was too painful for me; until I went into the sanctuary of God; then I understood their end. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. give [me] five [loaves of] bread in mine hand, or what … 21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? '"[20] This clarifies the whole episode. If many come in simplicity of heart to serve their God, others come to observe their teachers and to prove accusers. . Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "No common bread ... but there is holy bread", "If only the young men have kept themselves from women", "How much more today will their vessels be holy", "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah", "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod", "And David arose and fled that day from Saul", "Is not this David the king of the land? And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. "[15] This fact also supports the figures given in the Bible for the weight of Goliath's armour, figures which were dismissed by one `scholar' as `pure guesswork.' "Detained before the Lord" (1 Samuel 21:7). View 1 Samuel . 1 Samuel 21:13. Now then, what have you at hand? In those days, as at the present time, "Easterners have a religious awe of madness and would not think of injuring those so afflicted."[19]. 1 Samuel 21. Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. "[7] (2) Young writes that, "It is possible that Ahimelech's son Abiathar might have acted as coadjutor to his father as did the sons of Eli (1 Samuel 4:4). DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. "[12] "Ephrem Syrus thought that Doeg had committed some trespass, and was detained till he offered the appointed sacrifice. to Achish the king of Gath--which was one of the five principalities of the Philistines. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world. The Bible records it, but we dare not justify it. And the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you will take that, take it, for there is none but that here." David probably hoped that he could dwell incognito among the Philistines; but the king's servants instantly recognized him. We can choose for ourselves; but we may well tremble at the consequences. David with his men did what was unlawful in taking and eating that bread (Matthew 12:3-4). Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. Anointed and Alone 1 Samuel 21:1-13/ Psalms 56:1-13 The Bible never flatters its heroes.
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