People at the feasts were offered extra spices to add to their already spiced food. Middle Ages Food and Diet Did the people of the Middle Ages eat food which constituted a good balanced diet? A major benefit of the Viking diet was the fact that every level of society, from kings to common sailors, ate meat every day. A general estimate of the caloric intake for males during the Middle Ages is an average of 3,000 calories. Fruit was only usually served in pies or was preserved in honey. The wealthy nobles ate few fresh vegetables and little fresh fruit - unprepared food of this variety was viewed with some suspicion. During the High Middle Ages, however, sugar was introduced as a luxury item, and by the Late Middle Ages, rich people began to eat various things that could be made with it. The wealthy tended to eat meat more (probably: very much more). People of lesser-means ate bread made from rye or barley, which was called maslin, and the poorest people would have black bread, made from whatever grains could be found, in cases of real poverty, foodstuffs such as hazelnuts, barley or oats. These spices were presented on spice platters. Mutton and beef were very common and vegetables were also very popular. People liked eating onions, garlic and herbs that they picked from the castle garden. Salt was one of the most important spices. Throughout the Middle Ages, rice remained an expensive imported product and began to be cultivated in northern Italy only towards the end of the era. Medieval cuisine includes foods, eating habits, and cooking methods of various European cultures during the Middle Ages, which lasted from the fifth to the fifteenth century.During this period, diets and cooking changed less than they did in the early modern period that followed, when those changes helped lay the foundations for modern European cuisine. Spices were also very important at feasts. The Different Types of Bread Available in the Middle Ages. Spices were considered a sign of wealth in the middle ages. In fact, the more wealthy a family was, the more spices they would use. In the Middle Ages most people lived on a manor . Wheat was common throughout Europe and considered the most nutritious of all cereals and, as a consequence, it was regarded as the most prestigious and most expensive cereal. But the glazing was made of … Let’s do a little comparison: The diet of the Upper Classes would have included: Manchet bread. It was a village with a castle, a church and some land around it. ... Only rich people had meat to eat. And especially not for the rich! The Middle Ages, also known as the medieval period, took place from the 5th to the 15th century. Plus, disease and famine were common during this time. In the Middle Ages only wealthy town people could afford to eat and drink from beautiful, colored glazed cups and plates. 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