It is rumoured that Shams was murdered with the connivance of Rumi's son, 'Ala' ud-Din; if so, Shams indeed gave his head for the privilege of mystical friendship.[49]. Because he could not stay in one place for long and be common, he could be seen in two places at the same time, so that it seemed that he could fly or change his position in the blink of an eye. He was buried in Konya, and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. She was the one who sponsored the construction of his tomb in Konya. To commemorate Shams, Rumi named his first epic, Shams’s Collective Poems from the City of Tabriz. Chopra in Indo Iranica Vol. How it sings of separation...[51]. His various ghazals and four-line poems reflect different levels of his love for Shams. The Mewlewī Sufis, also known as Whirling Dervishes, believe in performing their dhikr in the form of Sama. Ertugrul Gunay, of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, stated, "Three hundred dervishes are scheduled to take part in this ritual, making it the largest performance of sema in history. According to tradition, Rumi was himself a notable musician who played the robāb, although his favourite instrument was the ney or reed flute. Rumi departed from the world on 17 th December 1273 AD, in Konya, within the Seljuk Empire's territory (currently it's within Turkey). but find it in the hearts of men. Do not cast thy glance upon my golden face, for I have iron legs.[52]. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." Franklin Lewis, Rumi : Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, 2000, pp. The migrating caravan then passed through Damascus, Malatya, Erzincan, Sivas, Kayseri and Nigde. ed. During the time of Rumi (as attested in the Manāqib ul-Ārefīn of Aflākī), his followers gathered for musical and "turning" practices. Death. [112] 2007 was declared as the "International Rumi Year" by UNESCO. Mawlânâ Jalâl ad-Dîn Muhammad Balkhî, better known as Rumi, (1207 - 1273) was born in Afghanistan but was forced into a nomadic life as a child because his family feared Mongol invasion and general political unrest. He understands that there is so much more to life than just the faith he lived in. Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, His poems or writings are in fact a reflection of human expression in various mysterious and diverse experiences where people find different feelings in his daily life. Rumi embeds his theosophy (transcendental philosophy) like a string through the beads of his poems and stories. Some manuscripts give as many as 32,000! He writes, “When you left, blood flowed through my eyes. Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:19. [110] Also in that year, Iran held a Rumi Week from 26 October to 2 November. [citation needed] From Baghdad they went to Hejaz and performed the pilgrimage at Mecca. This probably stems from willful confusion over his paternal great grandmother, who was the daughter of Abu Bakr of Sarakhs, a noted jurist (d. 1090). Rumi’s youngest son, Abdullah Chelebi, was furious because he liked Kimia Khatun. The most complete genealogy offered for the family stretches back to six or seven generations to famous Hanafi jurists.[43][44][45]. "), Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). He sees Rumi walking behind his father and says, “A sea is going behind a lake.” He presented Rumi with a book on the spirit of the hereafter, Asarnama. When Shams relented and returned to Konya the first time, Rumi, didn’t want to lose Shams again so he came up with an idea. [97] His first successor in the rectorship of the order was "Husam Chalabi" himself, after whose death in 1284 Rumi's younger and only surviving son, Sultan Walad (died 1312), popularly known as author of the mystical Maṭnawī Rabābnāma, or the Book of the Rabab was installed as grand master of the order. Emission Group—Five Thousand Turkish Lira—. His shrine or green shrine in Konya is still considered a place of pilgrimage for followers of various religions, especially Muslims in Turkestan. The Book conveys the prophets' circumstances Sometimes he hears the sound of a shepherd’s flute, sometimes he hears the sound of a drum, sometimes he hears the sound of a goldsmith’s hammer. I went to Church; I didn’t find him there either. He also served as a Molvi (Islamic teacher) and taught his adherents in the madrassa. He also believed that love was the best way to find the Creator. However, their home was not in the actual city of Balkh, since the mid-eighth century a center of Muslim culture in (Greater) Khorasan (Iran and Central Asia). [54], Georgian Queen Gürcü Hatun was a close friend of Rumi. According to Professor Majid M. Naini,[88] "Rumi's life and transformation provide true testimony and proof that people of all religions and backgrounds can live together in peace and harmony. Heinrichs. Rumi's love for, and his bereavement at the death of, Shams found their expression in an outpouring of lyric poems, Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi. According to hagiographical account which is not agreed upon by all Rumi scholars, Rumi encountered one of the most famous mystic Persian poets, Attar, in the Iranian city of Nishapur, located in the province of Khorāsān. Shams stayed in Rumi’s home and was married to a young girl who had been brought up in the family. Attar immediately recognized Rumi's spiritual eminence. Shahram Shiva asserts that "Rumi is able to verbalise the highly personal and often confusing world of personal growth and development in a very clear and direct fashion. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. It was from these ideas that the practice of whirling Dervishes developed into a ritual form. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Ala' ud-Din He did not marry anyone else while he was married to her, they were married for 25 years untill her death in 619 AD. Shams Tabrizi first saw Rumi when Rumi was 21 years old, and he saw Rumi and realized that Rumi could be his worthy disciple and representative, who could fully comprehend his spiritual knowledge and abilities. By this time (c. 1228 CE), Rumi had been married twice and had three sons and a daughter. In other verses in the Masnavi, Rumi describes in detail the universal message of love: The lover’s cause is separate from all other causes [citation needed]. Rumi and his mausoleum were depicted on the reverse of the 5000 Turkish lira banknotes of 1981–1994.[92]. [86], The Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, like Abu Bakr.[87]. Syed Burhan Uddin Mohakkiki, a student of Rumi Bahauddin, studied Islamic Sharia and Sufism with Tirmizi for nine consecutive years and at one point became the chief judge of the Konya Mosque. Hussam implored Rumi to write more. I will become that which cannot come into the imagination, According to the Quran, Prophet Muhammad is a mercy sent by God to the Alamin (to all worlds), including humanity overall. The home town of this person is Mumbai, India. حملهٔ دیگر بمیرم از بشر Heinrichs. With the foundation of the modern, secular Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk removed religion from the sphere of public policy and restricted it exclusively to that of personal morals, behaviour and faith. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. ed. And today we will hear the story of the famous Maulana or poet Jalal Uddin Rumi, whose words cut a scar in our hearts, whose poems teach us a new definition of love, whose poems teach us not to be afraid of the Creator but to be found in love. The profession of the family for several generations was that of Islamic preachers of the liberal Hanafi rite, and this family tradition was continued by Rumi (see his Fihi Ma Fih and Seven Sermons) and Sultan Walad (see Ma'rif Waladi for examples of his everyday sermons and lectures). His death was mourned by the diverse community of Konya, with local Christians and Jews joining the crowd that converged to bid farewell as his body was carried through the city. [53] Rumi's body was interred beside that of his father, and a splendid shrine, the Yeşil Türbe (Green Tomb, قبه الخضراء; today the Mevlâna Museum), was erected over his place of burial. Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me (in tones) like an organ, The mother of Rumi was Mu'mina Khātūn. [89] The English interpretations of Rumi's poetry by Coleman Barks have sold more than half a million copies worldwide,[90] and Rumi is one of the most widely read poets in the United States. Rumi's poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music. And today we will hear the story of the famous Maulana or poet Jalal Uddin Rumi, whose words cut a scar in our hearts, whose poems teach us a new definition of love, whose poems teach us not to be afraid of the Creator but to be found in love. The seeker then returns from this spiritual journey, with greater maturity, to love and to be of service to the whole of creation without discrimination with regard to beliefs, races, classes and nations. On the night of December 5, 1248, as Rumi and Shams were talking, Shams was called to the back door. Tahsin Yazıcı, Ankara 1953, i, Önsöz, 44). در شیوه‌ی عشق خویش و بیگانه یکی است Thus he waited for forty days and then after the black dress he announced the death of Shams Tabrizi. [30], Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents,[17][18][31] originally from the Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. He was a high-ranking dignitary in Konya. See for example 4th grade Iranian school book where the story of the Parrot and Merchant from the Mathnawi is taught to students, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, "UNESCO: 800th Anniversary of the Birth of Mawlana Jalal-ud-Din Balkhi-Rumi", "Why is Rumi the best-selling poet in the US? p. 295:“In contrast with the prose of his Discourses and sermons, the style of the letters is consciously sophisticated and epistolary, in conformity with the expectations of correspondence directed to nobles, statesmen and kings", Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2000) Transcendent Theosophy of Mulla Sadra, Rumi: 53 Secrets from the Tavern of Love, trans. Meyer, G. 1895. Required fields are marked *. Peacock, Anatolian Studies, Vol. In 1226, Alauddin Kaikobad, the ruler of Anatolia, invited Bahauddin and his family to Konya, Anatolia, and asked them to stay. In addition to Rumi’s various poems and songs, there is a collection of his various sayings called ‘Fihi Ma Fihi’, which were written by his followers and friends at different times. Not, of course, that being gay itself is a problem, but in this case I think it is unlikely. His first marriage was to Gawhar (“Pearl”), whom he had known since childhood. As the then king of Konya was his student, he was often considered higher than the king. His teachings became the base for the order of the Mevlevi, which his son Sultan Walad organised. It is undeniable that Rumi was a Muslim scholar and took Islam seriously. The fresh language and rhythm of Rumi’s poems easily took place in people’s minds. Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī b. Bahā’ al-Dīn Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Once again, the style of Rumi as lecturer or orator in these discourses does not reflect an audience of great intellectual pretensions, but rather middle-class men and women, along with number of statesmen and rulers”” (Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). In 2005, UNESCO proclaimed "The Mevlevi Sama Ceremony" of Turkey as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. They finally settled in Karaman for seven years; Rumi's mother and brother both died there. He was a highly respected member of Konya’s society. What can I say in praise of that great one? [81], I am the servant of the Qur'an as long as I have life. [105], As Edward G. Browne noted, the three most prominent mystical Persian poets Rumi, Sanai and Attar were all Sunni Muslims and their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb. [106] According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to anachronistically include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501.[107]. By Claire This week's ceremony reading is our second offering from this iconic Persian poet, it's This Marriage by Rumi. Personally, I think the idea of Rumi and Shams being gay is one big contemporary projection. [102] Music, especially that of the ney, plays an important part in the Mevlevi. For Rumi, music helped devotees to focus their whole being on the divine and to do this so intensely that the soul was both destroyed and resurrected. [100] The Mawlawīyah was a well-established Sufi order in the Ottoman Empire, and many of the members of the order served in various official positions of the Caliphate. At the next charge (forward) I will die to human nature,
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