In May 1989 Iran filed a lawsuit against the United States at the International Court of Justice. It wasn't a smart thing to do." [88][89], The events of Flight 655 were featured in "Mistaken Identity", a season-3 episode of Mayday. Debris from the aircraft and a significant number of bodies were found 6.5 miles east of Hengham Island at 26-37.75'N/56-01'E. aviation disaster, over the Strait of Hormuz, Persian Gulf [1988]. Iran Air Flight 655 massacre. Could the Ukraine airliner Crash in Tehran be grim echo of US downing of Iran flight in 1988? Association for Defending Victims of Terrorism’s letter to William Rogers …from ADVT, Tehran, Please click on the link to learn more about them…JD. [55], Commander David Carlson, commanding officer of USS Sides, the warship stationed nearest to Vincennes at the time of the incident, is reported to have said that the destruction of the aircraft "marked the horrifying climax to Captain Rogers's aggressiveness, first seen four weeks ago". [45](§4.50) Iran found it more plausible that Vincennes "hankered for an opportunity to show its stuff". Admiral Crowe denied a U.S. government coverup of the incident and said the cruiser's helicopter was over international waters when the gunboats first fired upon it. [56] Carlson is also reported to have written in the U.S. IR655 was flying from Bandar Abbas to Dubai on a half-hour trip across the Persian Gulf. [45](§4.52), According to Iran, the U.S. had previously issued a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) warning aircraft that they were at risk of "defensive measures" if they had not been cleared from a regional airport and if they came within 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) of a warship at an altitude of less than 2,000 feet (610 m). George H. W. Bush, then-vice president of the United States in the Reagan administration, defended his country at the UN by arguing that the U.S. attack had been a wartime incident and the crew of Vincennes had acted appropriately to the situation. Flight 655 was a commercial flight operated by Iran Air that flew on a Tehran-Bandar Abbas-Dubai route. [75] In total, 290 civilians on board were killed, 38 being non-Iranians and 66 being children. [44], According to the Iranian government, the shootdown was an intentionally performed and unlawful act. On July 3, 1988, the USS Vincennes, under the command of Capt. [2] At about the same time, Vincennes was rushed to the area on a short-notice deployment, as a result of high-level decisions, to compensate for the lack of AWACS coverage, which was hampering U.S. monitoring of the southern Persian Gulf. Digg. What Makes US Shoot-Down of Iran Air Flight 655 Even More Painful. [21][22], In 1984, the war between Iraq and Iran had expanded to include air attacks against oil tankers and merchant shipping of neighboring countries, some of whom were providing aid to Iraq by shipping Iraqi oil. [57] At the time of Rogers's announcement to higher command that he was going to shoot down the plane, Carlson is reported to have been thunderstruck: "I said to folks around me, 'Why, what the hell is he doing?' Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. It is simply to state that responsibility flows from the action itself. 1992 by Will Rogers (Author) › Visit Amazon's Will Rogers Page. Former Embassy of Iran in Washington, D.C. By Farhang Rajaee. In Iran it was widely believed that the U.S. attack had been deliberate, and Iranian authorities worried that it indicated the United States was planning to join forces with Iraq. The total of 290 dead civilian passengers, included 66 children. [citation needed], Throughout its final flight, Flight 655 was in radio contact with various air traffic control services using standard civil aviation frequencies, and had spoken in English to Bandar Abbas Approach Control seconds before Vincennes launched its missiles. At 10.49 a.m., the USS Vincennes sent distress signals asking Iran Air 655 to identify itself, but it didn't. There were no responses. [10] The US military asserts that the Vincennes had made ten attempts to contact the aircraft both on military and on civilian frequencies, but had received no response. Linkedin. [38] According to the U.S. government, Vincennes mistakenly identified the airliner as an attacking military fighter and misidentified its flight profile as being similar to that of an F-14A Tomcat during an attack run; however, the cruiser's Aegis Combat System recorded the plane's flight plan as climbing (not descending as in an attack run) at the time of the incident. Furthermore, the airliner’s failure to communicate with the Vincennes was dismissed; in contact with two air control towers, the Iranian pilot was likely not checking the international air-distress channel. During the Iran–Iraq War the Iranian forces frequently boarded and inspected neutral cargo ships in the Strait of Hormuz in search of contraband destined for Iraq. 11. The Iranian airliner was on a routine flight from Tehran to Dubai, when it was shot down by two surface-to-air missiles launched from the US warship USS Vincennes .
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