Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, Marticorena C, Marchesi E, 2008. Technical paper No. Compendium record. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Thunbergia fragrans subsp. T. fragrans was probably introduced as an ornamental in the Caribbean during the nineteenth century. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. The fruit is an almost-rounded (i.e. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf. (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. Smith AC, 1981. Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. Thunbergia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia.. Its members are known by various names, including Thunbergias and Clockvine. A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Common names tumbergia-branca in Portuguese vit thunbergia in Swedish wan hua cao in language. Chong KY; Tan HTW; Corlett RT, 2009. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Figure 4: Thunbergia fragrans. Mauritius and La Réunion) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. In: Global Environmental Research, 8 (2) 171-191. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. In many places it is considered as an invasive species. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Vine Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. Classification of Acanthaceae. Online database. ovate) or somewhat elongated (i.e. Leaf blades (4-12 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) are egg-shaped in outline (i.e. Daniel TF, 2001. Volume 2. USDA-ARS, 2014. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. leaf and mature fruit (Photo: Land Protection, QDNRW) almost entire leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie) Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern. Native to the Indian Sub-continent (i.e. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. A Global Compendium of Weeds. 209. 818 pp. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. In Fiji, T. fragrans grows in thickets, along roadsides, and in coconut plantations near sea level (Smith, 1981). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. The use of this species as an ornamental should be discouraged (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011). Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. T. fragrans grows climbing on other vegetation, and forming a dense blanket. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. In most cases, this species has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental and it has escaped from cultivation and naturalized in both relatively unaltered and disturbed forests, riversides, roadsides and urban bushland (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2013. 273 pp. Flowering plants of Jamaica. , 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Diversity and Distributions. petioles) about 4 cm long. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins. T. fragrans is an herbaceous fast-growing vine widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but it is also a common weed in moist disturbed areas, in particular along roadsides (Starr et al., 2003; Randall, 2012). National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2:290. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. In China, T. fragrans has been recorded flowering from August to January and fruiting from November to March (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). It is widely grown as a garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya. In: 4. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. In Australia, flowering occurs throughout the year, but is most abundant during summer and autumn (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Flower white. It is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Species within this family are herbs or woody shrubs, lianas and trees (Stevens, 2012). Space JC; Waterhouse BM; Newfield M; Bull C, 2004. Acanthaceae. by Breedlove, D. E.]. Online Database. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Distinguishing features. Furthermore, Thunbergioideae lack the retinaculate fruits found in most Acanthaceae species, instead possessing either dry and/or dehiscent capsules without retinacula (Borg et al., 2008). List of various diseases cured by Thunbergia Grandiflora. The white, tubular flowers (4-6 cm across) are borne singly or in pairs on stalks (i.e. In Hawaii, T. fragrans is a common weed in moist disturbed lowland areas (Wagner et al., 1999). Daniel T F, 2005. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. > 0°C, dry winters), Stem fragments, roots, dumped garden waste, Cultivated as ornamental for its attractive flowers, Seeds, stem fragments, roots, dumped garden waste, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. quadrangular) and somewhat hairy (i.e. 209, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Commission. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. Want to re-post this article? San Francisco, USA: California Academy of Sciences. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. its distinctive fruit capsule is topped with a long, thick, beak. Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). ect. Whistler WA, 2000. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. Diversity and Distributions. 51-108. Leaves opposite; blades 6.5-11 × 1.8-6 cm, ovate to lanceolate, chartaceous, the apex acute, the base truncate or subcordiform; margins undulate and ciliate; upper surface dark green, glabrous or somewhat scabrous; lower surface pale green, dull, puberulous, with prominent venation; petiole 2-3.5 cm long, slender, pubescent, sulcate, with the base somewhat dilated. The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Thunbergia fragrans C.Presl Thunbergia fragrans Wall. quadrangular) and somewhat hairy (i.e. (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama)., Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Catalog of Honduran Acanthaceae with taxonomic and phytogeographic notes. unpaginated. Robust vine. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. Noumea, New Caledonia: South Pacific Commission. It grows and flowers well in part shade in any reasonably moist soil. Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a Online Database. It is most often grown on trellises and fences, hanging baskets, and as a ground cover in gardens (Wagner et al., 1999; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). Daniel TF, 2010. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Thunbergia erecta1 Edward F. Gilman2 Introduction Thunbergia erecta is a vigorous, woody shrub from Tropical Africa that grows to about 6-feet-tall and wide (Fig. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is widely cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions for its attractive white flowers. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. pentstemonoides (Nees) T. Anderson, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). Daniel TF, 1995. Calyx green, of 15-20 sepals, lanceolate, 3-5 mm long; corolla white, infundibuliform, with 5 lobes, the tube 2.5-4 cm long, narrow at the base, yellow inside, the limb 4-5 cm in diameter. Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of Thunbergioideae (Acanthaceae). 76 pp. a vine or creeper with slender four-angled stems that are somewhat hairy when young. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to India and other parts of Asia. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Wu TL, 2001. San Francisco, USA: California Academy of Sciences, 1-158. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. Lo) H.P. Plant Name. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. Adams C D, 1972. angel wings, angelwings, fragrant thunbergia, sweet clock vine, sweet clock-vine, sweet clockvine, thunbergia, white clockvine, white lady, white thunbergia, whitelady http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. Small infestations should be removed manually. T. fragrans is easily propagated by seeds, which it produces abundantly in its native range and in the tropical countries of introduction (Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, 61:289-377. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. It is a slender vine that resembles T. alata in size and growth habit. Thunbergia grandiflora can be used as a medicinal plant, a green manure, for poles, hedges and for fuelwood.
2020 thunbergia fragrans medicinal uses