Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. -Family Sterculiaceae. ... Tree Characteristics. Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually Width: 12 feet. [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). ex Cav. The fruit is variable; sometimes the be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). Primitive characters: 1. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. The perianth is commonly uniseriate, consisting of 3-5 valvate, basally connate Species: 25 (approx.) throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. This method has been applied The gynoecium The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the presence of stellate hairs. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Presence of mucilage in plant parts. Fremontodendron californicum subsp. vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? In our region, it is represented by a single species. Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. witch hazel family. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. It is also allied to the family Elaeocarpaceae and hence Bentham and Hooker had included the latter in Tiliaceae. Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). Height: 20 feet. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. 22.177). A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. Synonyms. Cola Schott & Endl. Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. That … Additional Common Names. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). Rounded Shape. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. Family: Hamamelidaceae. lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. Longevity Less than 50 years. Many species yield timber. & Bonpl. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). P: Genus Agalinis Raf. Height: 20 feet. The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. The family Tiliaceae is related to Sterculiaceae in habit, leaves, stipules and androphore (Grewia). – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Tree Characteristics. 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2020 sterculiaceae family characteristics