A novice woodworker has to learn how to accurately measure, cut wood and how to remove waste wood from the mortise or tenon joint. How to Make a Mortise and Tenon Joint the Easy Way. You still need to make sure that it fits well inside the mortise and the best way to do it is to fit the two pieces together. You now have a hole that runs through and now you need to clean the hole completely using a small chisel and the ½ - inch chisel. The most common variety of the joint is the simple or ‘blind’ mortise and tenon, in which the tenon is stopped short of reaching all the way through to the opposite side. A square is a handy tool to have around since it makes sure that all the lines needed to guide you as you make the mortise hole and tenon joint line up. Place the wide face of the Tenon on the mortise piece and scribe two lines along the edge of the cheeks with a marking knife and try square. Excess glue seeping out of the joint is best left to dry, then scraped off with a sharp chisel. Transfer the marks to the top surface of the board. The secret is to use time-tested tools as well as hand tools to do the job. The easiest mortise-and-tenon joint ever Find the location of the mortise on a piece of 2 x 4. The marking tool will also be useful in marking the edges of the tenon joint. Most furniture or woodworking projects that use a mortise and tenon joint are capable of bearing only minimal to moderate loads. You may use sandpaper to make a quick clean up or to cut a few millimeters off the tenon joint so it could fit the mortise hole. This is because you’ll find it much easier to shape the tenon to fit into the mortise than to cut the tenon first and try to cut the mortise to accommodate the tenon. Here is what you get: You will find that the beveled edge of a chisel is kind of handy to easily remove waste as you drive the tip of the chisel vertically and push waste wood off the hole. Apply firm strokes on the chisel with the use of a heavy mallet or hammer. Let the small chisel remove visible chisel marks while the larger chisel can remove more wood along the walls of the mortise. The two elements that create this joint are the mortise hole and the tenon tongue. It would be nice to also catalog the various ways of making mortise and tenon joints using power tools. Remove the wood from the vice and turn it upside down to remove waste. Care must be taken to cut the tenon precisely, with smooth, flat sides, since this joint depends on a tight fit for its strength. All you need to do is to drive the chisel hard into the mortise and after about four to five blows you might already be finished with the mortise hole. How to Remove Duct Tape Residue from Wood, eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'cutthewood_com-large-billboard-2','ezslot_6',181,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'cutthewood_com-large-billboard-2','ezslot_7',181,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'cutthewood_com-large-billboard-2','ezslot_8',181,'0','2']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'cutthewood_com-large-billboard-2','ezslot_9',181,'0','3']));Search. Once the wood is ready, take a 1/2 –inch chisel and remove waste wood from the mortise hole. With a little practice, you should be able to make a mortise and tenon joint in under 10 minutes! The mortise hole is drilled or sawed into the end of a member, and the tenon tongue is fabricated according to a complimentary size. The marking out and cutting of all the mortise and tenon joints are based in this simple joint. Tools required To make this joint, you’ll need a tablesaw, drill press, plunge router, chisel and a bandsaw. Paul Sellers is an avid woodworker and he rarely uses power tools. Create a standard hidden (blind) mortise and tenon joint with just a few tools. Mark this with a pencil and then use a chisel to remove this part. Move the larger chisel back and forth to finally ready the mortise to receive the tenon. These marks will make it a lot easier to orient the chisel as you chop off waste wood from inside the mortise. The mortise and tenon joint is one of the most popular types of woodworking joints and there are literally hundreds of variations. This free tutorial is an excerpt of the 2-disc DVD “Building the Portable Moravian Workbench with Will Myers” ( buy it here ). HOW TO MAKE A MORTISE AND TENON JOINT WITH TRADITIONAL HAND TOOLS. Manual manipulation of wood should be learned before using power tools. Then brush glue into the saw kerfs and the mortise’s tapered spaces. The mortise is the piece with a hole in it, and the tenon is the piece with an embossed piece attached to it (which is called the tongue). Step 3: Marking Out. These joints can be used in a variety of applications but the same principle of making them stands true. A mortise and tenon joint is one of the strongest joints you can make to join two pieces of wood together. You will be surprised that after learning how to create a mortise hole and tenon joint, it would be easier to do other joints and joining techniques. Most mortise and tenon joint makers fail to fit the tenon inside the joint at the first try so do not worry about this. Mark your board for the cuts. Therefore learning how to make a mortise and tenon joint from scratch is vital in the training of novice woodworkers. 3. You will now find that this is easier to do since the other side of the hole has been chopped off halfway. Mark the wood in close approximation where the mortise hole is going to be placed and where the tenon joint will be. Most woodworkers settle with wood glue; they apply generous amounts of wood glue on the tenon joint before attaching it in the mortise. It is a joint that is made when bringing to union two pieces of material at a right angle. After carefully evaluating what needs to be done with the tenon so it can fit inside the mortise, join the two pieces together. But to work properly the joint needs to be tight - the tenon should be a push-fit in the mortise and should hold under its own weight. If you have followed How to Make a Mortise and Tenon joint part 1, you are now ready to start marking the Mortise. This is the piece of wood that you will be working on. Although a chisel could remove excess wood from the tenon joint a handsaw will make the job a lot easier and faster. Then square the mortise walls with chisels. 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