These combinations are created by combining distinctive vowels not denoted in Jyutping separately, which may easily confuse a learner. Whenever plosive ending consonants(塞尾韻)p, t and k are used, the tone of the word must be in tone 1, 3 or 6. For the pronunciation of y, you can refer to the pronunciation of yu in Jyutping. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐi]: From nearly open to close vowel height; from center to front vowel backness; remain unrounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce a and t in quick succession. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. In this Cantonese pronunciation guide, we will introduce a Cantonese romanization system to you with clear pronunciation graphics and professional narrations. If it’s not clear, it might be easier to wear headphones, but remember –. (This design is inspired by the Mandarin pinyin chart over at, , so full credits go to them! Nasal ending consonants are pronounced by redirecting air outflowing from your mouth to your nose. You should feel air coming out from your nose. We recommend learners to learn with Jyutping due to its convenience in typing and its system completeness. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɐu]: From nearly open to close vowel height; From center to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. and a rising tone at the end of a question (You came?To be understood in Cantonese, it is essential that you master the six tones. They include audio. Cantonese as a language has evolved over the last century, and as such, certain sounds are no longer distinguished, and I have treated them as such in this chart. XiaYinPing (55), ShangYinPing (53), YinShang (35), YinQu (33), ShangYinRu (5), XiaYinRu (3), YangPing (21), YangShang (13), YangQu (22), YangRu (2) and XinRu (35), in which the entering tones are underscored. From a historical … You must rise, maintain or lower the relative pitch of your voice to "sing" each word. The complex vowels in Jyutping are generally are created by adding i or u into a single vowel. If you want to learn more about the Jyutping chart, I've written a Jyutping chart guide over here: Jyutping Chart Guide. Consonants(輔音)in Cantonese can be used before the vowel as an initial consonants(聲母)or after the vowel as an ending consonants(韻尾)(In linguistic terminology, syllable coda). I want to go over some of the details of my pronunciation and compare my Jyutping and tones pronunciation with a native speaker. 2 Cantonese tones: The reanalysis This section presents the analysis of Cantonese tones in terms of Yip (2001) and Barrie’s (2007) proposal and contrasts it with my proposed reanalysis, with crucial differences in relation to the predictions in (3) above. Some words might not be represented by its “true” form. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: m̩]: occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Although you can add any tone to a pronunciation, not all pronunciations created by adding tone can be represented by a Chinese character. If you’re okay with all this and just want to reference the, #1 You can scroll horizontally and vertically to get the consonant + final jyutping combination you want. 【Language Diary #5】How important is grammar, really? Master the sounds of Mandarin Chinese using the Yoyo Chinese Interactive Pinyin Chart featuring video and audio demonstrations for each possible pinyin sound. Description: A stop consonant is pronounced by bursting out the air pressure you build in your mouth. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɔ]:  Open-mid vowel height; Back vowel backness; protruding rounded vowel roundness. Below is a standard tone diagram that you will see in most textbooks and traditional Chinese courses. If you like this, please don't forget to share it on Facebook below :D …enjoy! One hundred dishes of beef brisket noodles with ketchup. Description: Pronounce aa and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: at̚]. in Cantonese – 6 distinctive tones and 3 for consonants ending in p, t, or k. In addition, there are contexts in which a word changes its basic tone due to morphological or semantic reasons. Description: Pronounce o and n in quick succession. For example, in English we naturally use a falling tone at the end of a statement (You came.) Jyutping defines the pronunciation of a character based on its initial(聲母), final(韻母) and tone(聲調). There are 6 tones in Cantonese. Description: Pronounce aa and n in quick succession. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐt̚]. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: iu]: Close vowel height; from front to back vowel backness; from unrounded to rounded vowel roundness. Cantonese grammar #15: Cantonese negation【廣東話否定式】, 【Language Diary #4】How to Survive in a Foreign Language, 【Language Diary #3】Cantonese vs. Mandarin vs. Japanese vs. Korean, 【Language Diary #2】I should get a teacher when…. You should feel air coming out from your nose. Equivalent to the first tone in Mandarin. Description: Pronounce aa and ng in quick succession. Description: Pronounce ɵ(IPA symbol) and t in quick succession. It is also used as a pronunciation guide in dictionaries, beginners’ courses, and you use it to type Chinese on a computer or phone. To pronounce ɵ, open your mouth slightly more than closing it; slightly pull back your tongue and keep it in the center of your mouth; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. Description: Open your mouth wide in order to avoid pronouncing the m sound and facilitating the drawing back of your tongue; airstream should be coming out from your nose instead of your mouth. 11 days ago. To pronounce e(IPA symbol), open your mouth slightly more than closing it; extend your tongue to the front; relax your lips. Learning Cantonese tones is one of the scariest things Cantonese has to offer (despite Chinese Characters 漢字). Description: Pronounce e and u in quick succession. Description: Pronounce o and u in quick succession. Description: Pronounce o and ng in quick succession. We don’t have any guest writer right now but we do welcome anyone to write on our website to share their idea and opinion on learning Cantonese. To pronounce ɪ, open your mouth very slightly as if closed; extend your tongue to the front but slightly less than the greatest frontness you can achieve; slightly draw back your lips during pronunciation. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɑ]: Open vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce u and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ut̚]. Your email address will not be published. We recommend learners to learn with Jyutping due to its convenience in typing and its system completeness. Summary of syllable components of Mandarin and Cantonese. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɔi]: From open-mid to close vowel height; from back to front vowel backness; from rounded to unrounded vowel roundness. Before learning with this lesson, make sure you understand the difference between Yale romanization in Cantonese and Jyutping and choose the romanization system you want to learn. Approx. Mandarin Chinese Pinyin Table. The tongue does not affect the pronunciation of m̩. To effectively use the conversion chart, one should be thoroughly familiar with both Yale Cantonese Romanization and Mandarin pinyin . And there's no-one better than … They include audio. The initial ts represents /tsÊ°/ in Cantonese Pinyin whereas c is used instead in Jyutping. The exception combinations created with nasal ending consonant include eon, ing and ung. The system displays only the tone variations that exist in standard Mandarin. Chinese tones. The tones in this book will be marked after the syllable with the numbers 1-6, which denote the respective tones listed in the chart … Unique to Cantonese. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: i]:  Close vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Although the tones will not play a large role in this paper, I mention them here for completeness. Syllabic consonants are consonants(輔音)that can be pronounced alone like a vowel. A special tool called Pinyin (pronouncing the sound) is created for people to learn Mandarin pronunciation. I’m still coming to grips with Jyutping and the other day I heard something that sounded like “leu”, I want to see if that’s a sound that exists, and I want to see what the proper Jyutping and tone is for it. Cantonese as a language has evolved over the last century, and as such, certain sounds are no longer distinguished, and I have treated them as such in this chart. Description: Close your mouth; extend your tongue to the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding and lift it slightly upward. Tone 3: Flat mid-pitch, lower than first tone. Description: Pronounce e(IPA symbol) and i in quick succession. There are 6 different tones in Cantonese. With 22 consonants, 8 vowels and 2 syllabic consonants and 6 tones in the language, learning Cantonese pronunciation is the first challenge faced by language learners. Using this Chinese Pinyin Chart and listen to the audios of the Chinese pronunciation system. Follow us in social media to receive weekly updates, Cantonese pronunciation guide (78 initials and finals explained), Chinese characters to Jyutping/ Yale Cantonese converter, the difference between Yale romanization in Cantonese and Jyutping. You should feel air coming out from your nose. The chart of pitches of tones have been provided here for your reference. Learning how to represent Chinese sounds in Pinyin is To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: f]: fricative manner of articulation; labiodental place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Relax your tongue and your lips and exhale from your mouth; you may feel tension near your throat, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: h]: fricative manner of articulation; glottal place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Touch your lower teeth with the tip of your tongue and touch your upper jaw(alveolar) with the middle part of your tongue; do not completely block the airflow; relax your lips during the whole process, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: s]: sibilant fricative manner of articulation; dentalized laminal alveolar place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism, Description: Open your mouth wild when you try this for the first time. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ɛ]: Open-mid vowel height; Front vowel backness; unrounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce u and n in quick succession. Since Cantonese characters are logograph, you have to learn a Cantonese romanization system to learn how to pronounce them. 16. Whenever there’s a choice between a word that’s (a) only used in written contexts; (b) used in written and oral contexts; (c) used only in oral contexts, I tried to go for words in category (c). Pay extra attention to their explanation below. Chinese is not a phonetic language. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: ai]: From open to close vowel height; Remain front vowel backness; remain unrounded vowel roundness, Description: Pronounce a and i in quick succession. For example, 彈 is pronounced “daan6” in 彈弓 (a spring), and “taan4” in 彈琴 (playing the piano). Linguistic description [IPA symbol: p]: occlusive manner of articulation; bilabial place of articulation; voiceless phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Description: This consonant is identical with g except you should protrude and round a very small “o” with your lips in the beginning of your pronunciation; draw back your lips and transit from the very small “o” to a bigger “o” during your pronunciation. Learn Cantonese at home with our Cantonese story book now for 20% discount. In fact, the table states 7=1, 8=3 and 9=6. Tone 1: High flat. Description: To pronounce j, form the mouth structure of pronouncing i: Close your mouth; extend your tongue to the front; draw back your lips. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: j]: palatal place of articulation; approximant manner of articulation; voiced phonation; oral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. Specifically, these sounds I have treated as the same ( → a unidirectional arrow means one form is converted to the other commonly by native speakers; ↔ bidirectional arrows indicate that both forms are interchangeable), n → l (e.g. Cantonese tones chart. This next video focuses on tone change rules which is really helpful. Pinyin is China’s Roman alphabet transcription system for Mandarin. We follow Chen’s (2000a) analysis of tone targets, which can be cross-classified by register (high or low pitch range) and type (pitch shape). For instance, the word 茂利 mau6 lei2 means something along the lines of “idiot, dude” (but in a slightly rude way) has a rather uncommon written version, and I don’t remember how it’s written, so I’ve replaced it with a similar word that is incorrect but recognizable and probably used by most native speakers. Peng (2006) plotted the tone charts for Mandarin and Cantonese each based on more than 60 subjects’ production in the continuous speech. Description: Put your tongue right at your upper jaw(alveolar) to block air outflowing from your mouth. Description: Pronounce a and m in quick succession. I discovered the complexity of Chinese tones during my project to learn Cantonese. Wikipedia has a tone contour chart for Cantonese with only 6 tones, but the table just below has 9. Description: Open your mouth yet slightly smaller than how you would open it naturally; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding. Description: Pronounce a and k in quick succession. You can also download as PDF or embed it to your website. You’ll find that some cells in the table are blank. Mandarin Cantonese Tones 4 tones plus neutral tone 6 unchecked tones, and 3 checked tones Initials 7 types of initial consonants 7 types of initial consonants Finals 3 types of finals: plain, nasal, and rhotacized 3 types of finals: plain, nasal, and checked Table 1. The pronunciation is not related to the writing of Chinese words (characters). Pinyin Chart, the chart from Pinpin Chinese or the Chinesepod Pinyin Chart App. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you? Yue: dialect group mainly spoken in Guangdong and Hong Kong, with Cantonese-speaking diaspora in the U.S., Europe, and South-East Asia; 9 tones, coda stops possible, m/n coda contrast. Initial is not necessary for pronouncing a character. In that case, I’ve simply used the Jyutping to represent it. There are many ways that cultures with tone languages may deal with the interaction of linguistic tone and music. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with your lips in the middle of pronouncing p. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐp̚]. No air should be released from your mouth. Depending on the source, you may see Cantonese described as having 6, 7, 9, or 10 tones. About Pinyin. Description: Close your mouth; retract your tongue from the front; form a small “o” with your lips protruding and lift it slightly upward. )Here's a more fun version of the same diagram:(If the little illustrations don't make sense to you, read on...) Chinese songs are a great way to start learning pinyin because you don’t have to worry about the tones when singing. Description: Pronounce yu and n in quick succession. The initial dz represents /ts/ in Cantonese Pinyin whereas z is used instead in Jyutping. 0. 阴~ Alexy . Initial comprises consonants(輔音)only; final may comprise a single vowel(元音), a combination of vowels or a combination of  vowel and consonant. FluentU has over a hundred of the best modern Chinese songs in pinyin. Or, maybe I just find this a really useful resource and want to come back to grab the link and share it on Facebook. You should feel air coming out from your nose. Description: Pronounce i and n in quick succession. 2.1 Cantonese tones as one-target tone units To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɐk̚]. If you appreciate our work, sign up now and give us a LikeCoin by clicking the LikeCoin button below 5 times. Description: A stop consonant is pronounced by bursting out the air pressure you build in your mouth. Description: Pronounce aa and u in quick succession. There are a few Cantonese romanization systems, with Jyutping(粵拼) and Yale romanization of Cantonese(耶魯粵語拼音)being the mainstream. Tone 4: Low falling. Cantonese Tones . Practice these 20 Words for Awesome Chinese Tones : A table with 20 words that captures all of the 2 character tone combinations. To pronounce ʊ, open your mouth very slightly as if closed; draw back your tongue but slightly less than the greatest backness you can achieve; form a small “o” with your lips protruding; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ʊk̚]. Hakka: dialects sparsely distributed through south eastern Tones 聲調. There are certain words, that, if you visit a Cantonese dictionary, you’ll find entries for that particular jyutping, and yet it’s blank. Lift the back or middle of your tongue to the back of your upper jaw(velar) to block air outflowing from your mouth; build up pressure by exhaling air flow and block them with your tongue; produce even more pressure and release it to pronounce the sound; Make sure air is only coming out from your mouth; relax your lips during the whole process. That’s it for this Cantonese pronunciation guide! Block the airflow escaping from your mouth centrally by touch your upper jaw(alveolar) with the tip of your tongue; the airflow should be coming out from the side of your tongue; relax your lips during the process; make a sound with your vocal tract during the pronunciation as this consonant is voiced, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: l]: Denti-alveolar place of articulation; Approximant manner of articulation; voiced phonation; oral consonant; lateral consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. These are, after all, the words that are most representative of “Chinese”. Linguistic description [IPA symbol: w]: labialized velar place of articulation; approximant manner of articulation; voiced phonation; oral consonant; central consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. No air should be released from your mouth. Description: Close your mouth; extend your tongue to the front; draw back your lips. Cantonese Yale represents these tones using a combination of diacritics and the letter h. Traditional Chinese linguistics treats the tones in syllables ending with a stop consonant as separate "entering tones".Cantonese Yale follows modern linguistic conventions in treating these the same as the high-flat, mid-flat and low-flat tones, respectively. Just imaging you are singing is a good way to understand tones. Tones is the most important element for mastering Cantonese pronunciation. Hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing k. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɪk̚]. To pronounce a, open your mouth slightly less then how will you naturally open it; keep your tongue in the central position of your mouth; relax your lips. Description: Close your lips when you are making the sound. 能力 nang4 lik6 → lang4 lik6, capability), ng → / (e.g. I’m currently an intermediate learner and I have a good conversational level, maybe a strong B2 level, and after this time, I feel it’s time to improve my accuracy. It was invented in 1950s, and adopted as a standard in mainland China in 1958. ngyut). Single vowels(單元音)are sounds created with little or no audible friction in our vocal tract. The tongue does not affect the pronunciation of m.  Make a sound with your vocal tract during the pronunciation as this consonant is voiced, Linguistic description [IPA symbol: m]: bilabial place of articulation; occlusive manner of articulation; voiced phonation; nasal consonant; pulmonic airstream mechanism. View UClkAklkDxjs4sQwVHPxdzMA’s profile on YouTube. Approx. sucking your lips), Linguistic description [IPA symbol: œ]:  Open-mid vowel height; Front vowel backness; compressing rounded vowel roundness. Description: Pronounce i and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: it̚]. Because your goal here is … Jyutping defines the pronunciation of a character based on its initial(聲母), final(韻母) and tone(聲調). 55m speakers. I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write concerning here. Hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɵt̚]. Description: Pronounce o and t in quick succession; hold the airflow and pressure in your mouth with the middle part and the tip of your tongue in the middle of pronouncing t. Linguistic description: [IPA symbol: ɔt̚]. Are you struggling with tones(聲調)in Cantonese? While Guangzhou Cantonese generally distinguishes between high-falling and high level tones, the two have merged in Hong Kong Cantonese and Macau Cantonese, yielding a system of six different tones in syllables ending in a semi-vowel or nasal consonant. Post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni adjustments were computed separately for Cantonese tone 7 and 8 words and only significant results were reported. You can start by learning the pinyin sound apart from the tone first.
2020 cantonese tones chart