— Good For Prostate Health ( Lycopene Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Prostate Cancer) — High Levels Of Valuable Vitamins, Including Vitamins A, C, And E. — High Levels Of Other Nutrients, Including Flavonoids And Essential Fatty Acids. Shrubs, or drinking vinegar, is a popular cocktail ingredient that boasts a long history as a health tonic. Autumn Olive may be hated, and maybe some of that hatred is warranted, but the reality is that this plant is here now, and probably here to stay. Spoon puree into the bottom of a glass, and top with chilled sparkling wine. ), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No. Once the berries have broken down, you can run them through a food mill to remove the seeds and stems. This story is part of "Eat The Enemy," a HuffPost series on edible invasive species, non-native plants and animals you can help contain from the comfort of your dinner table. But here’s the good news—its berries are nutritious, easy to pick, and can be used in dozens of recipes. Unfortunately, the hardy bush soon became an invasive that out-competed native species. It is a very healthy fruit to consume. 64, No. Instead, it’s a silvery-leafed shrub that’s native to Asia. There are so many reasons why Autumn olive is such a forager’s delight, including: There are so many fruits per bush that you can quickly harvest gallons of fruit; Autumn olives are high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits; The fruit is delicious; Autumn olives are abundant across much of the United States. 626, pp. The term "invasive species" calls to mind images of aggressive animals that tear up landscapes and destroy everything in their path -- wild boar or Asian carp are well-known culprits -- but would you ever think to include berries on that list? The best recipes, kitchen tips and genius food facts. It was commonly planted for wildlife food and cover. There’s no denying that autumn olive bushes cause serious problems from a conservation standpoint. The autumn olive shrub is easy to identify when it is in flower or once the fruits have matured. However, even though it provides benefits the commercial growth/distribution and in turn the spread to native lands severely compromises native ecosystems. This distinctive fruit bursts with a sour tang and bitter tannins early in the season, though the berries tend to sweeten after the season’s first frost. You can use them as a substitute for any berry in your favorite recipe, keeping in mind you may want to adjust the flavoring slightly for some extra sweetness. In the case of autumn berries, their biggest assets are their myriad health benefits and culinary uses. Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. Autumn olive berries have 17 times more lycopene than tomatoes! You're mistaken if you think animals are alone on the invasive species list, because as proven by something as seemingly sweet and innocuous as the "autumn berry," vegetation can be equally threatening to our environment. Autumn Olive Oatmeal. However, Horn points out that Autumn Olives are one of the first trees to bloom, usually in March. You may finally eradicate a patch, only to have birds deposit seeds there again the next season. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. The autumn olive is a hardy native to Asia once planted by well-meaning conservationists as windbreaks and to attract wildlife in areas where native hardwoods were having problems growing, such as mountaintop removal sites. One of the easiest ways to preserve autumn olive berries is to wash and toss them into vacuum-sealed bags and into the freezer for future use as a smoothie ingredient. The shrub’s ability to flourish in drought conditions and low-quality soil also made it a popular choice for replanting abandoned strip-mining sites throughout the Appalachian coalfields. “The red berries of autumn olive have a high carotenoid content,” writes Fordham, “and particularly high levels of lycopene (30-70 mg/100g). Autumn olive is very high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits. One documented case of the autumn berry's devastation is the story of Tony Smith, a Virginia farmer whose land has been destroyed by the plant. You can speed up the process by adding a few tablespoons of pectin to thicken things up. The valuable vitamin and minerals in olive leaves tea can even relieve chronic fatigue and improve the physical endurance. The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. 429-431). So it is actually impressive that we know so much about the benefits of the autumn olive berry. Olive leaves tea work efficiently to fight viruses. Add a tang to your fall baking projects by incorporating autumn olive berries in your cookies. The fruits are known to be rich in vitamins A, C, and E, flavonoides, and lycopene (Ahmad, et al., 2005, Acta Botanica Croatic, Vol. You eat it. The more sun a shrub gets, the sweeter its fruit tends to be. Though the berries themselves are small (approximately the size of a red currant), the trees on which they grow are a giant problem. The berries contain high amounts of carotenoids and lycopene, a bit higher than tomatoes, which studies have shown to help prevent prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and fight myocardial infarction. 1, 2005). Lycopene has powerful antioxidant properties, making it of interest for nutraceutical use.” The berries also contain high levels of vitamins A, C and E, and flavonoids and essential fatty acids. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. One Acre Farm shares a recipe for an elegant dessert that uses an autumn olive sauce as a base layer over a hazelnut crust that’s topped with mascarpone ice cream. Astringent. Once you find a promising patch, the berries will practically harvest themselves. Not all invasive species are edible, and some included in this series can be dangerous, including lionfish and wild boar. Though tomatoes are considered the standard ketchup ingredient, you can make a homemade batch with an extra tang by incorporating autumn olives instead. Next, you’ll boil the berries down at a ratio of eight cups berries to one cup of water. It's also been said that USDA researchers suggested changing the name autumn olive to autumn berry as a more attractive name, to help its chances of becoming a cash crop. The shrub is easy to find because it abounds where people abound. One of the easiest ways to preserve your autumn olive harvest is through a homemade jam. Senior Editor of Food and Style, HuffPost. This shrub is native to Asia and was introduced into the U.S. in the 1830's. Autumn Olive Tart. 3. - 2 Tb autumn berry puree (purchase it at Autumn Berry Inspired, where you can also find jam and frozen autumn berries) - 1 glass of sparkling wine, like Champagne or prosecco. Once you've acquired some autumn berries, they can be eaten fresh, pureed, frozen, made into jam, fermented into wine … just about any way you can imagine. Add 3 ¼ cups of sugar and let it boil for one minute. Keep reading to learn about foraging and using autumn olive berries so you can put this (overly) prolific plant to use. Part of HuffPost Food & Drink. But they're even better known for being rich in the antioxidant lycopene, which is a major player in fighting many cancers. Autumn Olives are no longer used on reclamation projects due to their invasive nature. See more ideas about Autumn olive, Olive recipes, Recipes. In this case, olive leaves tea offers the ability to boost your energy without caffeine involvement. These fruits are considered to be beneficial for health over a very long period of time, mainly in China. Its jewel-toned fruit has no biological connection to your martini olives. They've spread their nitrogen-fixing roots all across America as an invasive species, with the exception of a few states (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and West Virginia) that only classify them as noxious weeds. It’s a mistake to spit out these berry’s chewy seeds, as they contain omega-3 fatty acids that can reduce inflammation and your risk of cardiovascular disease. The goal at the moment is to gather as many berries as possible because they cook down quickly. It’s a prolific producer, as one bush can produce more than 200,000 seeds and gallons of fruit each fall. Please take caution when foraging or hunting for your own food. The flush of yellow waxy blooms provides over wintered bees with much needed food; and results in a spring production of Autumn Olive honey. 4. A simple abundant fruit, such as autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata berries just don’t have much chance for fame. If you compare the taxonomy of an autumn olive with an olive, they're related by class, but the similarities end there. 1. Concoct a refreshing alcoholic drink this fall with fresh autumn olive berries. No matter—you can sort through everything later. One Acre Farm shares a recipe for an elegant dessert that uses an autumn olive sauce as a base layer over a hazelnut ... 2. Cardio Tonic or... Pectoral. These fruits are super-powered sources of lycopene which helps keep the old prostate healthy, and is a potent anti-oxidant. Want to read more from HuffPost Taste? Autumn olive is well established across the Mid-Atlantic due to its extensive intentional planting to provide wildlife food and revegetate mine spoils in the mid-1900s. The autumn olive bush produces little fruits, or berries, each one containing a seed. Make your own from foraged autumn olives by following this basic recipe from Homestead Honey. Overview Information Honeysuckle is a plant. autumn olive: medicinal benefits and uses of autumn olive AUTUMN OLIVE, ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA The autumn olive tree is a member of the Oleaster family of plants, and is native to Asia including the Himalayan region, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, northern China and Japan. Autumn Olive Ice Cream Pie. Let the mixture simmer for at least twenty minutes, occasionally mashing and stirring throughout. The berries sweeten as the weather cools, and these acids get leeched out. In fact, autumn olive seeds won’t germinate unless they are first digested. Effective. While autumn olives can be enjoyed fresh, many people process them into sauces or baked goods so that their sour flavor can shine through. As with all invasives, you need to stay humble about what you can realistically accomplish. Like many other wild edibles it also is being studied as a treatment to halt or reverse the progress of cancer. Autumn olive can also use fire to its advantage. Once you have your harvest, it’s time to put it to use. You’ll be left with a thick red juice that might start to separate into a clear liquid with dark pulp on the bottom. Health Benefits of Autumn Olive. Lydia Noyes is a content writer and hobby farmer in southwest Michigan. Ready to try this free food source for yourself? ... Silverberry and Autumn olive. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science. But these benefits have not been proved scientifically. How do you stop an invasive species? The expressed oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of pulmonary affections. Action of Autumn Olive. The flower, seed, and leaves are used for medicine. While this shrub does produce huge amounts of berries eaten by birds and mammals and can thrive on reclaimed mine sites, where pH extremes and high levels of toxic heavy metals are common, these positives do not outweigh the negatives associated with this shrub’s ability to invade and take over natural areas. For more information including identification, … Biology. And also because the boiling process kills the seeds, preventing propagation of this invasive plant. Despite being labeled as a berry, and despite claims that they taste like cranberries or pomegranates, we found autumn berries to taste more savory than a typical sweet, tart berry. Autumn olive berries are an underappreciated natural food source that grows plentifully across North America. Another option is to prune off the berry-laden branches altogether and pick the fruit from them at your leisure. While this invasive bush is likely here to stay, you can take steps towards slowing its spread to improve habitat space for native plants. Oddly enough, the aroma of pure autumn berry puree is dead-on reminiscent of V8 juice. Cheers! All you need to do is cook down your autumn olive juice into a viscous paste and spread it on the trays of a dehydrator lined with wax paper. The carotenoid values from this study may not be representative for autumn olive fruit collectively. First of all, be careful when foraging for autumn berries in the wild. You can recognize them by their silver-tinted leaves and red speckled berries that ripen from late August through early November. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. Here’s a great jam recipe from Our One Acre Farm. As climate change dries out more regions and enhances the risk of fire, hardy invasive plants like autumn olive could benefit. 5. On a piece of land where 20 cows could once graze, now a single cow can't walk without being entangled in autumn berry trees. While they can be plentiful along the road, it’s best to avoid these berries because of their exposure to car exhaust and other pollutants. Goumi Health Benefits. ©2020 Verizon Media. Because it is an invasive, non-native plant, autumn olive is an ecological problem here in North … More Relieve cold. A few years ago I contacted a researcher who was working with Autumn Olive for food uses to see if there were any concerns about eating the seeds. My favorite way to enjoy autumn olives is as a topping in my morning oatmeal. This spicy-sweet recipe from Learning and Yearning combines peppercorns with cinnamon and allspice for an unforgettable condiment. All that’s needed is to cook down your strained juice until it gets thick enough to spread. You’ll achieve the best results by pulling out the bushes in midsummer. In fact, autumn berries are 17 times richer in lycopene than an equal serving of tomatoes. And that's not the only similarity between autumn berries and tomatoes …. Whether you have whole berries or juice, here are 11 recipe ideas to get you started. You’ll know it’s done once the puree is tacky without being sticky. It secured its environmental niche by leafing out earlier in the spring and staying alive slightly longer in the fall than its competitors. We analyzed a limited number of samples from narrow geographical areas. In other words, picking autumn olive berries lets you take advantage of a healthy and plentiful natural food source while potentially aiding the native plants in the same ecological niche. It requires at least two cups of berry pulp. They contain an estimated 18 times more lycopene than tomatoes, an antioxidant celebrated for its anti-cancer benefits and role in prostate health. Autumn olive is a great edible wild berry for jam, because it’s nice and tart. Autumn Olive has a high fatty acid content which is not common in fruits. The fruits are believed to be able to reduce cholesterol. Though you can modify most recipes for this ingredient, Edible Wild Food’s cake-like cookies can serve as inspiration. Autumn Olive Fruit … At this stage, they are perfect for fresh eating or in any recipe that calls for cherries, currants, or raspberries. Soil Conservation Service as both a backyard ornamental and a natural form of erosion control around roads and ridges. (Clinton, 1998), the autumn olive fruit, a new dietary source of lycopene and related caro-tenoids, may be worthy of clinical trials to assess its health benefits. Today, autumn olive’s uncontrollable spread has made it a major hassle, especially in places where the soil has been disturbed. "Of course, nobody should eat a wild food that they are not certain about, and small red berries is definitely a category people should be careful with," Kelly says. The small berries will fall in, along with leaves, twigs, and maybe an insect or two. On his site, Kelly tells the story of farmers like Smith, but also emphasizes the importance of understanding both the pros and cons of invasive species -- he says we should heed their dangers, but also make the most of what they have to offer. The Autumn Olive is known as a nitrogen fixer where airborne nitrogen can be fixed in its roots and are able to grow in totally infertile soil. Follow us on Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest and Tumblr. This post may contain affiliate links. Recipes and more delivered to your inbox! Its new name, “autumnberry”, sounds more palatable than autumn olive. Medicinal use of Autumn Olive: The flowers are astringent, cardiac and stimulant. Though the berries themselves are small (approximately the size of a red currant), the trees on which they grow are a giant problem. It is also grown in North America and many other parts of the world. The most common fact you will read about autumn olive is that it contains 5 to 15 times more antioxidant lycopene than in tomatoes. But besides lycopene autumn berries is also a source of vitamin C (around 28mg/100g), as well as other vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. Be careful not to confuse honeysuckle with other plants such as woodbine, American ivy, and gelsemium. Compared to 3 mg/100g for fresh raw tomato read about autumn olive seeds won ’ worry... Service as both a backyard ornamental and a natural form of erosion control around roads and ridges ready to this. Most common fact you will want to prepare the berries will practically harvest themselves for raw... 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