Photo credit: Steve Childs. Why is Volcanic Soil (Andisol) Very Fertile. Types Of Crabs - There are about 850 types of crabs that are found throughout tropical and semi-tropical regions. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. Despite this large crab having a ferocious look of something out of a Sci-Fi movie, it is not an aggressive species. Peekytoe crabs have white meat with little specks of pink and a very sweet flavor that is enjoyed by all types of chefs. They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. They are small crabs of no more than 5 cm across which are distributed along West Africa, the Western Atlantic, the Eastern Pacific and the Indo-Pacific. This page takes a look at some the most interesting types of crabs and how they live. True crabs typically have quite a short projecting “tail” and the reduced abdomen is hidden entirely under the thorax. Rather than being something to fear, the meat of a Japanese spider crab is a delicious delicacy. The meat of the female crabs is a brown type of crab meat that has a rich flavor. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. With the Florida Stone crab, it is only the meat from the large claws that is consumed. The body of this dark-brown colored crab can grow up to 7” (17 cm) across. These compact brown-orange crabs have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored dots on it. } They are very commonly found on Florida beaches, and they have a spike-like tail that many people consider dangerous, even though it is completely harmless. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { Systematics. The Dungeness Crab, scientifically known as Metacarcinus magister, is a widely distributed crab species along the North American Pacific Coast. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); The King Crab. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. These ‘crabs’ are more closely related to squat lobsters. Many people regard crab as one of the tastiest types of seafood you can choose from. You can eat hermit crabs; however, they are generally quite small and not worth the bother. Dungeness crabs are very large, usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they have a color that is purplish-brown. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. Blue Crab . One species, Portunus trituberculatus, accounts for one-fifth of that total. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. Their behavior has also earned them various names. Red King crab is a popular type of edible Alaskan crab. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Their size could reach up to 10 inches. If chefs wish to learn which claws have the most meat, they float them in a tank of water. 5 Orangutan Crab Achaeus Japonicus. The enormous cold-water crab can weigh up to 42 lbs (19 kg)! Stone crabs have large claws that are very hard and have a lot of meat on the inside. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. They’re also one of the largest species of edible crab, with shells sometimes spanning 11 inches (and a leg span of 6 feet)! The total number of species of freshwater crabs, including undescribed species, is thought to be up to 65% higher, potentially up to 2,155 species, although most of the additional species are currently unknown to science. These crabs are recorded among the largest species of crabs in the world. The crabs are then returned to the ocean where they will grow a new claw within 18 months. In fact, Hermit crabs consider their shells so important that they are known to kill other Hermit crabs in order to steal their shell. Like many crab species, they are nocturnal and spend the day hiding or defending their homes on the reef or rock walls from trespassers. Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips. var _g1; Blue crabs: By far the most common fresh crab is the blue crab. If you happen to eat a coconut crab while visiting a Pacific Island, you may also find that they have a slight taste of coconut. Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Found quite frequently on the Eastern coast of the United States, blue crabs can be from 3.5 to 5.5 inches in sizes, sometimes larger. There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. Coconut crabs are that they love coconuts and will even climb trees to get at them. Rather than catch and cook the whole crab, when these crabs are caught, one claw is pulled off. Dungeness crab is one of the best crabs to eat. Photo: basykes / flickr / CC-BY 2.0. Ocean crabs live in deeper waters, and some species even inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents. Atlantic Rock Crab. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. Although the King crabs are quite large, only about one-fourth of it is actually edible – mainly the claws and the legs. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. At the end of the article, you will also learn about a few crab species and different types of crabs that are rarely consumed. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. Blue crab is a popular type of edible crab. Crabs make up 20% of all marine crustaceans caught, farmed, and consumed worldwide, amounting to 1.5 million tonnes annually. When it comes to large crabs, the Red King crab is certainly one of the biggest crabs in the world. It can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. The Horsehair crab is a type of small to medium-sized edible crab. Scroll below to know more. Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. The Japanese Spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) is a scary-looking type of crab that tops the list of crabs with long legs. However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. One of the most interesting aspects of horseshoe crabs is that they have been around some 500-million years, and they are found along the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to the Yucatan, as well as Asian coasts, the Philippines, and India. For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. In the waters of U.S. Pacific Ocean we can find three major types of crabs which are the Alaskan king crab, the Dungeness crab and the Snow crab. Compared to varieties of seawater crabs, the Southern European crab is tiny in comparison. Horseshoe crabs are from the Limulidae family and live in shallow coastal waters of the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. Over their lifetime, Snow crabs usually migrate from shallow to deep waters. Their soft curved bodies can retract into hard shells left behind by various types of snails. There are many types of edible crabs that have white, sweet, delicious meat when cooked. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. Delicious? With a firm texture and a taste that is sweet and succulent, stone crabs have to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size. There are three different types of king crabs that get harvested commercially: the red, blue, and golden king crab. Coconut crabs eat meats, nuts, fruits, and seeds, and one aspect that makes them unique is their inability to survive for long periods of time under the water – in fact, they will eventually drown if they are underwater for too long. There are roughly 1,100 species of Hermit crabs, divided into seven different families. This is when a crab has just shed its outer shell (exoskeleton) and the new one hasn’t hardened yet. The shallows at Three Tree Point are a good place to encounter this species. var _g1; It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. Because the shell of Dungeness crabs is especially hard, crab crackers and shrimp forks are usually provided to extract the pinky-white sweet meat. Among the three types the Alaskan king crab is known to be the popular crab with relatively high prices. You can click in to each one to find more information about each type, view pictures and find where their respective habitat's are and crab season's. Of course, the length of the long spindly legs means that it may take a bit of work to get all of the tasty flaky white meat out. The taste and look of the sweet crab meat depend on the sex of the crustacean. Introduction . If you don’t know the major differences about the crabs, below is the list of types of crabs to make you aware more about these giant species. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? Stone crabs are caught from October through March. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. Alaskan King Crab. For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. The leg span can reach a massive 18 ft. (5.5 m) in length. This is a type of green crab that is generally found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans. The crab’s carapace usually measures up to 6.5” (17 cm) wide, making this a medium to large-sized crab. But unlike most hermit crabs, coconut crabs develop a hard, calcified shell for protection. A single crab can weigh up to 4 lbs (1.8 kg) and up to one-quarter of its weight is tasty crab meat. The Brown crab (Cancer pagurus) is an edible crab with a reddish-brown shell, legs, and claws. Hermit crab is a type of small crab that doesn’t develop its own hard shell. Brown crabs have an oval body with edging that looks like a pie crust. It has smaller chelae than other popular crabs, such as the Florida Stone crab. Of course, this is not to say you should pick up a horseshoe crab by the tail, because that action can harm the animal. European green crabs have now become an invasive species in North America. One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). Red King crabs are generally caught in cold North Pacific seas around Alaska, such as the Bering Sea and Norton Sound. INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. More than 1,300 described species of freshwater crabs are known, out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs across all environments. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. Until around 1997, these crabs were a throwaway product and were considered of little use by most lobster fishermen. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Blue Crabs. Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. Blue crabs are a type of swimming crab that have 2 paddle-like feet to help it swim. They have … A rainbow land crab. 3. Blue crab claws are also available. Crabs belong to the crustacean family and have over 4500 species. This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. Although rarely on the menu, Coconut crabs (Birgus latro) are an edible type of land-dwelling crab. The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. These different types of crab can be cooked in numerous ways, although most people prefer to boil or steam their crab. Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. The snow crabs or Chionoecetes opilio in scientific terms, are a type of crab very popular in Alaska. Different species of crab really vary in size and in their behaviour. Types of Tea: Varieties of Tea With Their Flavor, Caffeine Content and More, The Tastiest and Most Exciting Types of Cheese You Didn't Know About, Types of Bread: 20 Different Bread Types from Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cuisine From Around the World With Their Popular Foods, Types of Crabs: Different Kinds of Crabs from Around the World (with Pictures), Types of Fish with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor, Types of Oysters with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor. These crabs are found in the warm waters in Central America and the East Coast of the US. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. Blue crabs are also a popular type of crab to serve as a soft-shelled crab. It is not so much an exploration of the different families of crabs as an examination of what kinds of places crabs live with examples of individual species. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. If they live in the wild, Hermit crabs are very social and live in colonies that are quite large, which might be because they are always on the lookout to steal another crab’s shell. The Spruce / Bailey Mariner Blue Crab . Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. Found frequently in territories around the Pacific and Indian oceans, Coconut crabs only have two distinct predators – other Coconut crabs and human beings. This species of crab is also found in the cold seas around Alaska and in the North Atlantic Ocean. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Cooked Dungeness crabs take on a light pink to red color. This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. Like other types of crabs, it is only legal to harvest the male King crabs, and the meat is snowy white with a yummy, delicate flavor and an outer edge that is bright red in color. As hermit crabs grow, they have to discard their shells and look for larger ones. These animals usually live in intertidal zones, such as the shores of beaches, estuaries and mangroves. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. Due to the hardness of the claws, you need a mallet or crab crackers to get to the meat. In order to grow larger, crabs have to shed their old shell and form a new one. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. They use gastropod shells that hide their soft abdomen as they grow larger because without these shells they are open to a predator’s attack. The crabs with less meat will float to the top of the tank, and they then sell those crabs as “lights.”. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. try { This is because, without freezing, stone crabs can have an iodine taste that is not very pleasant. The Florida Stone crab has large claws with sweet and succulent meet. There are thousands of different types of crabs that are divided into over 850 species. } The puget sound king crab is also one kind of many species of king crab. They have a sweet, succulent flesh that is pink in color, and their prime season is Winter time. They are usually cracked open with a mallet and served with a variety of dipping sauces. The meat from male brown crabs is whiter and has a sweeter flavor. Looking like the rock star of the crab world, the orangutan crab is a small species of … They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); The Horseshoe crab is rarely eaten due to its low meat content. Source = Shopify . 456. Alaskan King Crab is the biggest crab ever found on Earth. It is also called the ‘hairy crab’ due to the spiky hairs on its body. _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. The meat extracted from the claws is one of the best to eat – it is sweet and succulent with a firm texture. This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-img'); This type of crab is identified by its brown color and purplish spots on its hard shell. For protection from predators, hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they will ‘live’ in. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. The reason they are called. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. If you love crab, but don't know much about them nor the difference of the various types, you'll find these pages interesting, also with some great tips and crab facts. 13+ Different Types of Crabs. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). These crabs usually grow to 8” (20 cm) in width, with the body and meat being a good source of meat. Usually, soft-shell crabs are consumed whole sautéed or deep-fried. Golden crabs are not as popular as the other types of crabs in Florida because they are harder to find. Catching these crabs requires a cold storage unit on the fishing boat in order to replicate the crab’s natural environment in the deep seas. They live in water that at least 1000 feet deep. The anemone benefits by receiving food scrapes from the crab, while the crab benefits by getting a bit of extra protection and camouflage. An adult brown crab can weigh up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg) with about one-third of its weight being meat. Another popular large variety of crab is the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) which is brown to purple in color and has a hard shell. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. They tend to live in shallower waters in bays and estuaries along the coast. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-img'); Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. 2. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. King crabs are one of the most common and best types of edible crabs due to their large size and delicate taste. Hermit crabs are usually purchased as pets for children because they are fun to play with and very small. This also gives a pink tinge to the edges of the savory Alaskan crab meat that you extract from the claws and legs. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. If you can obtain a naturally sweet species like flower crab, go light on the seasoning to let the natural flavor of the crab come through. For my money, pound for pound (and king crabs can weigh up to 10 pounds each), I’d go with Alaskan red king crab legs over lobster tail any day. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. This crab can be found in the ocean along the Pacific Coast. They have five pairs of legs, the first one containing pincers, and a body that is made mostly of a shell or a carapace that has a small abdominal flap. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). 1. Soft-Shell Crabs. The most prolific species on the east coast of the U.S., they range in size from 3 1/2 inches up to 5 1/2 inches or more on the market. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty.
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