The Tea Act of 1773 was imposed on the American colonies by the British government who was heavily in debt in the decade leading up to the American Revolutionary War. I was assigned to make and present a really short movie about the Tea Act in a U.S. history class a few years ago and I guess I wanted to save it somewhere. In the l8th century, the British proudly based their national identity on the twin pillars of international trade and the rule of law. 6 years ago. significance to the colonists of the Tea Act and the Coercive Acts Why did these particular acts see so galling to the American Colonists? Parliament did not, however, renounce its right to tax the colonies or otherwise enact legislation over them. The Boston Tea Party caused considerable property damage and infuriated the British government. The act also made allies of merchants and patriot groups like the Sons of Liberty. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. https://study.com/academy/lesson/tea-act-lesson-for-kids-definition-facts.html To express their displeasure, the colonists organized popular and effective boycotts of the taxed goods. It also allowed the East India Company to sell the tea exclusively to chosen merchants (consignees) in the American colonies. 1 Answer. Although the victory greatly expanded the empire’s imperial holdings, it also left it with a massive national debt, and the British government looked to its North American colonies as an untapped source of revenue. The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, granted the British East India Company Tea a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies. The protestors who caffeinated Boston Harbor were railing against the Tea Act, which the British government enacted in the spring of 1773. Within the Tea Act, Parliament granted the East India company a monopoly (the only business in a specific trade or product) over the American tea trade. Recognizing that the Stamp Act was a lost cause, Parliament repealed it in 1766. The British government granted the company a monopoly on the importation and sale of tea in the colonies. Why was the Tea Act of 1773 so Important. Did you know? Finally, in 1763, France was defeated, and had to hand over most of its colonies to Great Britain. The East India Company, once one of England’s oldest and most successful trading companies, faced economic collapse in the years following the Seven Years War. Angry mobs, like the Sons of Liberty, in Philadelphia and New York forced ships carrying the company’s tea to return to England without unloading. The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American colonies. The act also allowed the British East India Company to have a monopoly on the tea trade there. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, imposing taxes on virtually all printed materials in the American colonies. The British thought that this would be a good way of forcing the colonists to pay the tea tax and still pay less money overall for the tea. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The senseless destruction of private property by a group of hooligans shocked the English merchant class. in India) so there was no tax collection in the colonies. Made the tea cheaper and would make colonists purchase it, but also pay the tax on it. It was intended to benefit the East India Company by giving them the exclusive right to sell tea in the colonies, creating a monopoly which the colonists perceived as another means of “taxation without representation” . An diesem Tag drangen symbolisch als Indianer verkleidete Bostoner Bürger in den Hafen ein und warfen drei Ladungen Tee (342 Kisten) der britischen East India Company von dort vor Anker liegenden Schiffen ins Hafenbecken. Response to Tea Act. The Act derives its name from the fact that the colonies were forced to buy authorized stamps made by Britain whenever they purchased any of those printed mater… Tea was being sold more widely in England by 1657, in London’s existing coffee houses, but it was called Tcha, China Drink, Tay or Tee, and was generally sold as a remedy to cure all ills; from fatigue and lack of virility to overall poor health and diseases of all kinds, and it was expensive. This act eliminated the customs duty on the company’s tea and permitted its direct export to America. But response to the Intolerable Acts began to unify the colonies instead. Wer die verkleideten Aktiven tatsäch… The colonists resiste… Although the victory greatly expanded the empire’s imperial holdings, it also left it with a massive national debt, and the British government looked to its North American colonies as an untapped source of revenue. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled into Britain's North American colonies. Since Parliament had a long history of using duties to regulate imperial trade, Townshend expected that the colonists would acquiesce to the imposition of the new taxes. Administered by the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, an agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia that is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. The opposition of the Tea Act was conducted by the artisans, smugglers, and merchants. Parliament responded with the Coercive Acts of 1774, which colonists came to call the Intolerable Acts. In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament attempted to punish Boston and isolate the colonies. He was the second cousin of John Adams and the ...read more, 1. The American colonists faced many challenges in their daily live; none of these challenges were unnecessary and cruel as the taxation acts imposed upon them by the British crown. The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. The First Continental Congress, which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, met in 1774 in reaction to the Coercive Acts, a series of measures ...read more, The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, 1775, kicked off the American Revolutionary War (1775-83). Tea Act Crisis. Tea act definition, an act of the British Parliament (1773) that created a monopoly unfair to American tea merchants: the chief cause of the Boston Tea Party. Each year around the anniversary of the Boston Tea Party, a re-enactment party is thrown in Boston and visitors can tour replicas of the Dartmouth, the Beaver and the Eleanor, the three ships that were docked in the Boston Harbor and loaded with the East India Company's tea. W.D. Answer Save. Parliament also appointed General Thomas Gage (1719-87), the commander in chief of British forces in North America, as the governor of Massachusetts. London: E. Newberry, 1789.Engraving. Monetarily, this British Parliament plan made sense. Moreover, many of them also harassed the authorized consignees of the company. The Tea Act of 1773 triggered a reaction with far more significant consequences than either the 1765 Stamp Act or the 1767 Townshend Acts. By 1773, a relative calm existed between the British government and her colonial subjects. The American Revolution had begun. Plate opposite p. 58. https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/tea-act. The Tea Act taxed the tea at source (i.e. The company enjoyed many friends in the government, and responding to pleas for governmental assistance, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773 to help the company. Boston Tea Party ist die Bezeichnung für einen Akt des Widerstandes gegen die britische Kolonialpolitik im Hafen der nordamerikanischen Stadt Boston am 16. Moderates within Great Britain who had long supported the colonists turned decisively against them. The act allowed the tea to go directly to America instead of having to be imported to Britain and then re-exported to the colonies. Tea was sold in the … Cooper. In 1763, the British Empire emerged as the victor of the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, would launch the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. For more Awareness, how CBD tea supplier Ever acts, a look at the Studienlage to the Ingredients. The Intolerable Acts … It reinforced a tea tax in the American colonies. The Boston Tea Party was an American political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. The Tea Act gave the East India Company a monopoly on the sale of tea, which made it cost about half of what the colonists were spending for their contraband tea. It was not a new tax on tea. The tea act was the act of the American colonists rebelling against the British for taxation without representation on tea, it was also an act of freedom from Britain. A previous crisis had been averted in 1770 when all the Townshend Acts duties had been lifted except that on tea, which had been mainly supplied to the Colonies since then by Dutch smugglers. Moreover, Townshend’s proposal to use the revenue to pay the salaries of colonial governors aroused great suspicion among the colonists. The Tea Act, approved by the British Parliament on May 10, 1773, actually placed no new tax on tea and was not designed to increase revenue. But as with most ...read more, Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780) was a colonial American politician, judge and historian. Colonial resistance intensified until, three years after Parliament passed the Tea Act, the colonies declared their independence as the United States of America. Two great superpowers of the time – France and Great Britain, battled for the control of their colonies. The Tea Act: The Catalyst of the Boston Tea Party. The Tea Act 1773 (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Although the monopoly decreased the price of tea, Americans realized that Parliament was only regulating American trade, and had the power to interfere in American business whenever it wanted. The British government swiftly reacted to the Boston Tea Party. In 1770, Parliament repealed all of the Townshend Act duties except for the one on tea, which was retained as a symbol of Parliament’s power over the colonies. Examples of those materials included newspapers, almanacs, magazines, playing cards, wills, and a host of other legal documents. Lv 7. Many colonial leaders feared that the colonists would buy the company’s tea if it made it to shore and submit to the payment of the tea tax. All Rights Reserved. Once again, colonial resistance had undermined the new system of taxation, and once again, the British government bowed to reality without abandoning the principle that it had rightful authority to tax the colonies. But response to the Intolerable Acts began to unify the colonies instead. In 1767, Charles Townshend (1725-67), Britain’s new chancellor of the Exchequer (an office that placed him in charge of collecting the government’s revenue), proposed a law known as the Townshend Revenue Act. A glut of tea and a diminished American market had left the company with tons of tea leaves rotting in its warehouses. Rather than inflicting new levies, however, the legislation ...read more, Most Americans can tell you that the first unofficial “declaration of independence” happened in Boston, when a band of tax-hating renegades dumped King George’s beloved tea into the harbor, a spirited act of defiance that united the colonies in revolution. The Significance of the Tea Act, Essay Example. The revenue raised by these duties would be used to pay the salaries of royal colonial governors. This … If Parliament expected that the lowered cost of tea would mollify the colonists into acquiescing to the Tea Act, it was gravely mistaken. Although it was a private concern, the company played an integral role in Britain’s imperial economy and served as its conduit to the riches of the East Indies. The tea act was the act of the American colonists rebelling against the British for taxation without representation on tea, it was also an act of freedom from Britain. The act granted the company the right to ship its tea directly to the colonies without first landing it in England, and to commission agents who would have the sole right to sell tea in the colonies. The act’s main purpose was not to raise revenue from the colonies but to bail out the floundering East India Company, a key actor in the British economy. They dumped all of the tea overboard. Relevance. The men smashed open the chests of tea and dumped their contents into Boston Harbor in what later came to be known as the Boston Tea Party. The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. Opposition developed in different colonial ports, variations of the Boston Tea Party took place in other colonies. The Coercive Acts convinced more moderate Americans that the radicals’ claims had merit. George Washington was another American who condemned the destruction of tea, but his harsh reaction to the Coercive Acts illustrates their tremendous theoretical significance. Summer Teacher Institute for Virginia Teachers, American Revolution Museum at Yorktown: The Transformation, African Americans and the American Revolution, FOCUSED: A Century of Virginia Indian Resilience, 18th National Exhibition of the American Society of Marine Artists, TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia, Blast from the Past: Artillery in the War of Independence, AfterWARd: The Revolutionary Veterans Who Built America. If you study the history, you must know the Boston Tea Party. The Tea Act made East India Company tea much cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea.As East India Company tea was also of a higher quality than Dutch tea,the colonists involved in smuggling Dutch tea … They tried to prevent the landing of the tea into the American land. This task we do advance performs. In 1763, the British Empire emerged as the victor of the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). Colonists who had joined in protest against those earlier acts renewed their efforts in 1773. The series of measures, among other things, repealed the colonial charter of Massachusetts and closed the port of Boston until the colonists reimbursed the cost of the destroyed tea. A new act of Parliament, designed to help a struggling trading company, would next fuel the growing conflict between the American colonies and the British government. In most colonies, the elective assemblies paid the governors’ salaries, and losing that power of the purse would greatly enhance the power of the royally appointed governors at the expense of representative government. The Tea Act of 1773 was one of several measures imposed on the American colonists by the heavily indebted British government in the decade leading up to the American Revolutionary War (1775-83). Patriot mobs intimidated the company’s agents into resigning their commissions. Lord North's policy . The act was intended to bail out the struggling East India Company, which was very important for the British economy, and the Tea Act would raise revenue from the 13 colonies. On the night ...read more. In Massachusetts, however, the Royal Governor refused to allow the ships carrying the company’s tea to leave the harbor without first paying the duty on the tea. In several towns, crowds of colonists gathered along the ports and forced company ships to turn away without unloading their cargo. Though Parliament did not pass the Tea Act as a revenue measure, patriot leaders saw the act as a cunning way to get the Americans to pay the hated Townshend duty on tea by undercutting the price of smuggled Dutch tea. Facts about the Tea Act 4: the Boston Tea Party . Though the company’s tea was still subject to the Townshend tax, dropping the customs duty would allow the East … This was in response to the colonists hurting British companies by drinking smuggled tea. It was regarded as "Taxation without representation" by the colonists which led eventually to the Boston Tea Party. The tax identification number is 31-1618642. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! This act placed duties on a number of goods imported into the colonies, including tea, glass, paper and paint. This act eliminated the customs duty on the company’s tea and permitted its direct export to America. British settlers in America were initially r… Donations to the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, Inc., a 501(c)(3) qualified charity under the United States Internal Revenue Code, fund engaging programs at both museums. After the British government rejected their arguments, the colonists resorted to physical intimidation and mob violence to prevent the collection of the stamp tax. Their resistance culminated in the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773, in which colonists boarded East India Company ships and dumped their loads of tea overboard. Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. The colonists had never accepted the constitutionality of the duty on tea, and the Tea Act rekindled their opposition to it. Although many colonists continued to refuse to drink tea out of principle, many others resumed partaking of the beverage, though some of them salved their conscience by drinking smuggled Dutch tea, which was generally cheaper than legally imported tea.The American consumption of smuggled tea hurt the finances of the East India Company, which was already struggling through economic hardship. Boston Tea Party, precursor to the American Revolution in which 342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company were thrown into Boston Harbor by American patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians on December 16, 1773. See more. All significant Things regarding. In an effort to save the troubled enterprise, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. Unfortunately, the Americans were not at all pleased with this move. The middle of the 18th century brought with it a great deal of conflict to North America. Due to protests from British merchants, whose trade was seriously effected by the American colonists refusing to buy the goods, Parliament repealed all of the duties (taxes) - except the tax on tea. Dezember 1773. The act retained the duty on imported tea at its existing rate, but, since the company was no longer required to pay an additional tax in England, the Tea Act effectively lowered the price of the East India Company’s tea in the colonies. But American colonists, who had no representation in Parliament, saw the Acts as an abuse of power. They refused to buy any tea sold from England, which was the only company allowed to sell tea in the colonies. In May of 1773, the Tea Act was established to solve their problem. The company enjoyed many friends in the government, and responding to pleas for governmental assistance, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773 to help the company. The act was not intended to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. ammianus. He was born into a prominent Boston family and studied at Harvard. This meant that the American colonists were not allowed to buy tea from any other source. Unfortunately for Townshend, the Stamp Act had aroused colonial resentment to all new taxes, whether levied on imports or on the colonists directly. Since the Stamp Act crisis of 1765, radical colonists had warned that new British taxes heralded an attempt to overthrow representative government in the colonies and to subjugate the colonists to British tyranny. American colonists, frustrated and angry at Britain for imposing “taxation without representation,” dumped 342 chests of tea, imported by the British ...read more, Samuel Adams was a Founding Father of the United States and a political theorist who protested British taxation without representation, uniting the American colonies in the fight for independence during the Revolutionary War. On the evening of December 16, 1773, patriots disguised as Indians boarded three ships in Boston Harbor and threw over three hundred crates of tea into the water to make sure the tea did not get unloaded. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years' War (1756-63) and ...read more, The Boston Tea Party was a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin’s Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. The most spectacular action occurred in Boston, Massachusetts, where on December 16, 1773, a well-organized group of men dressed up as Native Americans and boarded the company ships. They were protesting a tax on tea … In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. He began his career in local politics in 1737 and was named speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1746. Instead of placating the colonies by repealing the Tea Act, the British government decided to punish Boston and the people of Massachusetts with a series of acts which became known as the Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts. The desperate attempt drastically reduced the price of their tea in order to attract a lot of buyers and to compete with the tea shipped from Holland. The British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773. The high annual payment the company was required to pay the British government was a factor in the company’s financial problems. This historical event is known as the Boston Tea Party. It was a tax break for the East India Tea Company. After the Tea Act was passed, colonists boycotted tea. On December 16, 1773 one hundred Bostonians disguised as American Indians boarded British ships anchored in the harbor and dumped 342 chests of tea that belonged to the East India Company. The “tea partiers” were not protesting a tax hike, but a corporate tax break. The fact that the agents commissioned by the company to sell its tea included a number of pro-Parliament men only added fuel to the fire.The Tea Act revived the boycott on tea and inspired direct resistance not seen since the Stamp Act crisis. The colonists resisted the new tax, arguing that only their own elective colonial assemblies could tax them, and that “taxation without representation” was unjust and unconstitutional. Contrary to popular belief, the Quartering Act did not force colonists to house British soldiers in their own homes. In what way acts CBD tea supplierin fact? While British soldiers remained in America and the Townshend duty on tea remained the law, moderates on both sides appeared to be gaining control. The Tea Act was a follow-up to the Revenue Act, that was one of the laws in the Townshend Acts which set new import duties (taxes) on British goods including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. Other colonists viewed the act as a Trojan horse designed to seduce them into accepting Parliament’s right to impose taxes on them. They were apparently forced to buy only the ones from the East Indian Company. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. This made the tea 9d per lb cheaper, even with the 3d tax. Significance of the Tea Act of 1773. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. Parliament responded with a series of harsh measures intended to stifle colonial resistance to British rule; two years later the war began. Tea Act. Tea Act, (1773), in British American colonial history, legislative maneuver by the British ministry of Lord North to make English tea marketable in America. See Also: 10 Facts about Russian Revolution. The British sent troops to America to ...read more, The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British Parliament. The colonists feared that other colonists would end the boycott so they dressed live natives and climbed aboard three English ships carrying tea docked off of the coast of Boston. ...read more, From 1774 to 1789, the Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American colonies and later the United States. Dutch and Portuguese traders were shipping tea from China and a few other Asian countries to Europe regularly by 1610. The Coercive Acts and American Independence. Though the company’s tea was still subject to the Townshend tax, dropping the customs duty would allow the East India Company to sell its tea for less than smuggled Dutch tea. “Boston Tea Party.”, The History of North America. This would undercut their claim that only colonial legislatures could tax the colonies. The Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were designed to punish the colonists, especially those in Massachusetts, for the Boston Tea Party. The Results to the effect were through the Leaflets of us reviewed, before we then the User insights in detail view. The Tea Act was important because it led to the Boston Tea Party, an important event leading up the American Revolution. The repeal of the majority of the Townshend Act took the wind out of the sails of the colonial boycott. By allowing the East India Company to sell tea directly in the American colonies, the Tea Act cut out colonial merchants, and the prominent and influential colonial merchants reacted with anger. Tea only made its way to England in large quantities in the first years of the 17th century. Act that permitted the East India Company to ship tea from its warehouses in Britain without paying the duty.
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