Slug functions terminally at low velocities High velocity with flat trajectory figure 8.19 The woman was shot first in the right knee. On exiting the muzzle, the sabot fell away. In the civilian population, suicide and criminal activity account for the majority of cases and young male adults remain the most at risk 8. Internal injury was very severe. The range (distance) of fire can usually be more easily determined in shotguns than in handguns or rifles. There are so many ARs on the market today that all shooters, including police officers, need to be aware and beware of shoddy parts. Like New !!! So what is a slug? At any reasonable range, shotgun slugs make effective lethal wounds due to their tremendous mass, reducing the length of time that an animal might suffer. The civilian slug, of softer lead, could be fired in weapons of any choke. Little to no temporary stretch cavity effects were observed. figure 8.3 Loose contact shotgun wound and a larger, more ragged exit wound. A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun. (Frankly, I wouldn’t even trust many big name AR manufacturers.) A big male leopard weighs 150 pounds. figure 8.9 The spread of pellets indicates a considerable distance; however, the distance is affected by the choke of the weapon. High weight retention sustains bullet momentum to create a long wound channel for maximum destruction of tissue, bone and vital organs to effectively and humanely take down game. in 12 gauge, 427 gr. Approximately 12 angled ribs are present on the surface of the slug. Wounds typically are classified as low-velocity (< 2000 feet/second) or high-velocity (> 2000 feet/second). #004630 CSM RBL 20g 2 … Shotguns usually fire pellets; however, slugs can also be used as ammunition. Some ammunition have plastic shot containers that hold the pellets and also act as the wad. Figure 8.11 (A) Large, irregular stipple marks of face caused by coarse, white polyethylene filler loaded in early Winchester buckshot loads. Again, the tip of the slug and the sabot were visible. The edge of the wound is abraded. The weight and nominal velocity of the slugs is given in Table 8.4. Have fun! On firing, the sabot with the enclosed slug, moved down the barrel as one unit. The "NRA Firearms Fact Book" says: "Shotgun slugs should not be used at ranges greater than about 75 yards. Wound Channels: 4.5/5. Substandard guns and manufacturers cloud the consumer experience and dictate buying practices so that, when officer’s lives depend on their guns working well which is to say all the time, departments cannot take a chance on buying even run of the mill guns. Three types of shotgun slugs are on the market: the European Brenneke; the American Foster and the Sabot (Figure 8.12). The slug, encased in the sabot made a projectile of 12-gauge diameter. One reason hunters use slugs is to hunt deer in states that ban the use of rifles and/or buckshot ammo. The sabot contacted the bore, not the slug. In these instances, a deep groove is cut around the circumference of a birdshot shell just in front of the metal head. Solid slugs also feature wadding, which will probably hit an attacker at home defense distances. Subsequently, Federal introduced a solid copper hollow point slug in a plastic sabot. The weight of the slug will vary somewhat depending on. This Classic Magnum round, in 12 gauge, has a 2-3/4" shell loaded with a 1-1/8 oz lead slug which it fires at 1510 fps. Sabot slugs were made by Smith & Wesson in police and civilian versions. Firing in weapons of greater choke could cause the slug to snap at the hourglass waist. In repeated attempts by the author to cause separation by cutting the hull just in front of the steel head, he found that he almost had to cut the shell in two to cause consistent separation. figure 8.38 A close-up of the hole in the heart. This slug lay in a sabot consisting of two halves of high-density polyethylene plastic. Includes sprue plate, handles and instruction with suggested loads Lee 12 Gauge 7/8 Oz. In the deaths seen by the author due to the Sabot round, the slug has always exited. each, separate from the main mass of the slug producing four additional wound tracks. Brenneke USA provides a range of slug shotgun ammo to suit any application. Its 20-gauge sabot slug weighs 3/4 oz (328 gr.). The civilian slug was in a similar shotgun tube, except that there was no white lettering. It's a … The Sabot slug was introduced to the United States by Smith & Wesson. in 20 gauge. These markings allow examiners to test-fire weapons and compare test-fired bullets to those discovered in bodies. A shotgun slug is a good choice for a self-defense round. This slug was made only in 12 gauge. Recovered from the body was the plastic hull with the plastic wad inside. In diameter, the slugs are equal to or smaller than the tightest choke. (B) Fine stippling due to fine plastic filler. The earliest shotgun slugs were simple, round lead balls, slightly smaller than the barrel diameter, so as to pass freely down the bore. The advertised muzzle velocity of the police round was 1450 ft/sec. The high velocity of centerfire cartridges, especially in 5.56 NATO are the reason for this. The slug may come to rest as a flattened lead disk or may break into a few large pieces. Well, just like the bullet on a centerfire or rimfire rifle cartridge, a slug is a solid projectile, but instead of being loaded in a brass case, it’s loaded in the same general type of plastic shotshell case as the shells you use for shooting skeet or trap. Out Of … A 7-pound 20 gauge loaded with that ¾-ounce slug produces 12.2 ft.-lbs. Wound channels, especially temporary wound channels, are also much more devastating compared to the handgun, or even some shotgun defensive loads. Slugs differ by manufacturer, but are generally either a solid lead slug or a sabot; a solid lead or jacketed bullet surrounded by a plastic jacket. A saboted hollow point slug would destroy the shoulder, even from fairly long range. See next photo. Last Updated on Wed, 22 Apr 2020 | Gunshot Wounds Shotgun slugs are used for deer and bear hunting in heavily populated areas where the slug's rapid loss of velocity allegedly affords greater protection from shooting mishaps. It is a solid lead projectile having a pointed nose with felt and cardboard wads attached to the base by a screw. There may be through-and-through penetration or a massive energy dump in the body, depending on what the slug strikes. Defensive Shotgun Loads — Slugs. The Brenneke slug was developed in Germany in 1898. This is a huge piece of lead or copper cast downrange at the target. in 20 gauge. #Exclusive for You #1 Shop for Low Price 1 Bore Shotgun And 12 Gauge Shotgun Slug Wound . A slug, however, is basically a bullet for a shotgun. Lee 1oz Slug Mould features the exclusive drive key which positively rotates the slug in rifled shotgun barrels. shells were closed with a rolled crimp. As a Foster slug moves through the body, it tends to "pancake", usually remaining in the body. Slugs are solid, single-projectile bullets that, while not having the “spread” of shot, strike the target with a much greater force, delivering deeper wound channels. They no longer manufacture ammunition. the country of manufacture. In 1993, Remington introduced Sabot slugs of solid copper rather than lead. Although firearm related injury and mortality actually may be declining, gunshot trauma remains a significant cause of morbidity and socioeconomic cost with 115,000 missile injuries annually and as many as 40,000 deaths. Remington manufactures a 1 3/16 oz (520 gr.) Unlike handguns and rifles which have lands-and-grooves cut on the inside of their barrels, shotguns have a smooth bore. The police version of the sabot slug was intended to be fired in weapons having only a cylinder or modified choke. The Remington slug may have a plastic insert in its tip. in 16 gauge, and 364 gr. The shotgun/slug combination provides a legal, if shorter range alternative. The diameter of a 12-gauge slug, measuring from the top of one rib to the other, is 18.47 mm (0.727 in.) Sabot shotgun shells are now manufactured by Federal, Remington and Winchester in 12 and 20 gauge (Table 8.5). Advertisement. (76 mm) 12 gauge loading. Nominal slug weights, including felt and cardboard wads, are 491 gr. The hollow-point cavity serves no purpose in the author's opinion in increasing the effectiveness of the slug. Advertisement. There is a slight amount of gunpowder on the inferior aspect of the wound. In a second case involving a birdshot shell, separation did occur, but the pie crimp at the end of the shell was forced open by the pellets and wadding as the separated hull moved down the barrel. Three types of shotgun slugs are on the market: the European Brenneke; the American Foster and the Sabot (Figure 8.12). Over-Penetration: 4/5 Shotgun slugs can be rifled-- this is supposed to make them spin in the air and thus improve their flight length and accuracy. Shotgun slugs are used for deer and bear hunting in heavily populated areas where the slug's rapid loss of velocity allegedly affords greater protection from shooting mishaps. See next photo. Some prefer buckshot, some abhor it. FIGURE 8.29 There were wounds to his shoulder, top of head, and side of the head (arrows). See next photo. Shotgun slugs came out of the dark ages with the advent of the sabot slug and rifled shotgun barrels. At close range, the wads from a Foster shell either enter through the entrance hole or strike adjacent skin producing circular to oval imprints. The Federal slugs have a "hollow point" and may be copper plated. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. The assailant said he shot at this man from about 10' away as the decedent was rising out of his sofa and coming after him with a knife. figure 8.37 The slug went through the heart (arrow). Check out Google Images for shotgun slug entry and exit wounds for more details. The edges of the wound will be seared and abraded. barrel. This slug is produced in a hollow-point version. The diameter at the front and rear was 0.50 in. Today, I’m going to stoke your appreciation by delving into the history of mini shells, exploring the pros and cons surrounding this type of ammo, and evaluating the performance and best uses of slugs, buckshot, and birdshot. The police slug was loaded into a blue, ribbed plastic case on whose side "Police" was lettered in white. See next photo. X-rays often show a central disk of lead with 2 to 4 comma-like pieces. On firing, the slugs expand and fill the bore. Slugs are generally used for medium-sized game, especially whitetail deer … Green Beret Master Sergeant Home Security Checklist. Small sized birdshot such as this #8 heavy dove load is a poor choice for deployment with a tactical shotgun. The slug is encased in an eight-fingered plastic sabot. The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. figure 8.5 This loose contact suicide wound to the neck is larger than expected because the neck was bent over the barrel. On firing the weapon a second time, an unaltered buckshot shell was used. In the case of a Brenneke shotgun shell, no matter the range, the wadding enters with the slug because it is literally screwed into the base. I’d go so far to say that anyone shot by a 12g shotgun shell having a load of buckshot or a slug will most likely die if hit anywhere near the center of their body mass from close range. Most of the decedent's face was blown out. Both police and civilian. While separation at the point the hull is cut may have occurred consistently in the age of paper shotgun shells, with plastic tubes separation usually does not occur. Foster slugs are made in 10, 12, 16, 20, and .410 gauges. Remington uses a combination of plastic and cardboard wads. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. Adjacent to the corner of the mouth is an abrasion from the wad. and 16.13 mm (0.635 in. The deceased was shot twice in the head with a 12-gauge shotgun firing birdshot shells. This slow rotation, combined with the balance created by a heavy nose, results in greater accuracy. These rounds are intended for use in rifled shotgun barrels. Shotshell Slug Mould Permanent Link to Product Page. As previously mentioned (see Most lethal methods of suicide), whilst using a firearm to commit suicide is one of the most reliable methods, it is not failsafe. You'd be lucky to keep your arm at all. The Winchester Sabot has a pentagonal hole in the tip of the slug and a hole in the base closed with a plastic plug. Thus at autopsy, buckshot and wads from the second shell and the distal two-thirds of the tube from the birdshot shell were recovered from the body. See next photo. Both slugs had a nominal weight of 440 gr. With a similar rig he saw a client shoot and kill a 275-pound buck at 236 yards. Most African Professional hunters agree that A 12 gauge slug is near ideal to put down a charging leopard. A contact wound will consist of a circular wound of entrance whose diameter is approximately the same as that of the bore of the shotgun. The first effective modern shotgun slug was introduced by Wilhelm Brenneke in 1898, and his design remains in use today. It had an hourglass configuration with a hollow base in which there was a white plastic insert. sabot slug for its 3 in. The advertised muzzle velocity ranges from 1593 ft/sec in 12 gauge to 1513 ft/sec in 20 gauge. In a study of 89 contact shotgun wounds of the head, Harruff found the most common site of entrance was the mouth (62%), followed by the temple (15%) and the submental region (13%).6 In the case of wounds of the temple, most right-handed individuals shoot themselves in the right temple using the left hand to steady the gun against the head. Shop for cheap price 12 Gauge Shotgun Slug Wound And 20 Gauge Shotgun Shells Target Load . in 12 gauge and 5/8 oz (275 gr.) The wound edges are abraded and there is a thin linear abrasion on the upper right from the muzzle. Slugs differ from round-ball lead projectiles in that they are stabilized i… The longer profile provided by the wad allegedly decreases tumbling and improves accuracy. The recovery of the wad or plastic shot container is important because they may be specific for certain types of ammunition. The weight of the slug is usually 1 oz (438 gr.) Even so, I hope until this reviews about it Loud Shotgun Sound And 12 Gauge Shotgun Slug Wound will end up being useful. As the slug penetrates tissue, the nose sections open, increasing the diameter of the projectile and the loss of energy. With a pro-gun president at the helm and no risk of confiscation (minus that whole bump stock fiasco) or the passage of laws that restrict 2A rights, demand had waned and inventory was plentiful across the board. However, and due to the design of the Foster-style lead slug, the shotgun slug is more prone to breaking up rather than expanding. The appearance of a wound resulting from buckshot depends principally on the range between the victim and the muzzle of the weapon. The edge of the wound is abraded. Foster slugs do not produce the x-ray picture of the "lead snowstorm" seen with high-velocity hunting rifle bullets. of lead adjacent to or surrounding the disk. ya dont need 3 inchers, a 2-3/4 slug does the same thing, the recoil aint worth the extra 100 fps, How ever a shotgun slug in a 12ga is a .5 diameter bullet, wieghing 1 ounce traveling at about 1800 fps, I personally have had my 7mm rem mag do more damage then my 870 has, Slugs dont always like to expand alot. The central upper pin guarantees stability and precison, both in trajectory motion … The Myth: Shotgun slugs for big game should be limited to 100 yards. It is a roundnose soft lead projectile, with a deep, concave base, and has anywhere from 12 to 15 angled, helical grooves cut into its surface. There would also likely be trauma throughout the upper torso from the catastrophic impact. See next photo. Separation at the point of notching was the exception not the rule. Reasons for non-fatal suicide attempts by firearms include attempting to shoot the gun in the chest or abdomen (presumably aiming at the heart) but not hitting the heart, bullets passing through the temples and missing the brain, aiming up through the chin, flinching, thus missing important parts of the brain, not using powerful enough guns or poor ammunitio… In addition to the presence or absence of gunpowder, the presence or absence of pellet spread aids in the distance determination. By contrast, nobody disputes the pump shotguns durability an… In both shells, the sabot rested on a cardboard wad, which in turn rested on a white plastic wad. $27.84. The tip of the slug and the end of the sabot were visible at the mouth of the shotgun shell. However, it is still important to test-fire the same gun and ammunition that was used in the shooting to determine an accurate comparison with the distance in question. Slugs are designed for hunting large game, self-defense, and other uses. The lead grooves or ribs cause the slug to slowly rotate on its long axis as it flies through the air increasing stability. The size of actual wound channel created by the slug was difficult to gauge since bone used in the test fragmented into numerous secondary projectiles that shredded a large amount of gel. The GUALBO STEEL 12ga slug is an expanding 32 gram steel slug with petals that peel back upon impact to maximize the slug's energy transfer and create a devastating wound channel. A huge one will go 180. I’m a grizzled vet and a long-time gun enthusiast, and I certainly have fun shooting mini shells. GI#: 101498083. Rarely, one will encounter jury-rigged slugs constructed from birdshot shells. he was in bed. CSM RBL 20g 2 ¾” Slug Professional model. Richardson prefers a scoped, rifled-barreled Savage shotgun with Hornady SST slugs. figure 8.18 Scene close-up revealing powder on the shirt and abundant blood. At autopsy, one recovers from the body, the tube, the wadding and the pellets — sometimes still in one piece. figure 8.16 This is another defect in a chest wall. of recoil energy, while an 8-pound 12 gauge loaded with 1-ounce slugs produces 16.7 ft.-lbs. If they impact sideways, the rectangular pattern produced is fairly characteristic (Figure 8.13). Since shotguns have no lands-and-grooves, their projectiles cannot be positively matched to those found at the scene or inside a body. Lands-and-grooves cause specific identifying features (rifling) on projectiles as they pass along the barrel. Brenneke slugs, originally rare in the United States, are now being imported in quantity. This patient was shot by an unknown assailant with a single shotgun shot to the torso. These comma-like pieces of lead break off from the edge of the pancaked slug (Figure 8.14). The shell has a cup wad and a cardboard filler wad. What we have now with sabots is, in effect, rifle bullets the size of shotgun slugs (.72 caliber for 12 gauge and .61 for 20 gauge). They were known as “pumpkin balls” or “pu… The Foster slug, introduced by Winchester in 1936, is considered the traditional American shotgun slug. Slugs manufactured by Federal have a one-piece plastic wad; Winchester's having a cup wad and cardboard (paper) filler wads — the one next to the slug being thinner and harder. The goal was to kill game without causing unnecessary wounds or suffering. The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. The buckshot and wads swept the deposited hull out the barrel into the body. First three inches of permanent wound cavity were completely destroyed. Most shotgun slugs are designed to be fired through a cylinder bore or an improved cylinder choke, rifled choke tubes, or fully rifled bores. In both, most of the weight of the slug is forward of the center, thus causing them to fly point forward. In the case of the Sabot round, at close range the two halves of the sabot may either enter the body or impact the skin. This one is approximately the same size as the external wound. Nominal velocity for the Sabot slugs ranges from 1200 to 1550 f/s. Figure 8.15 illustrates such a case. The sabot was of white plastic. There are four machined slots in its nose to produce expansion. Scattered fragments of lead were deposited if bone was struck but there was no true lead snowstorm. Because of this, the shot and wads exited the barrel but the severed portion of the hull remained in the. Both the Brenneke and Foster slugs employ the same principle to stabilize their flight. We destroy water-filled jugs, hard drive, cookie jar, toys, etc with powerful shotgun slugs. The Beauty of Food Turning Back The Clock, New Home Remedies to Cure Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Natural Solution for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, How to Lose Weight From Your Stomach in 2 Weeks.