Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Names: Creosote Bush, Creosotebush Plant Characteristics. Name: Creosote bush: Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata: Origin: Larrea tridentata develops in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan Deserts. Growth Form: Shrub; plants drought-tolerant; brittle branches. As of Nov 2013, Google recognizes "larrea tridentata" as a synonym for "creosote bush"; creosote bush is the common name supplied by the USDA plants database, and it is what is used in NPS visitor centers. The Pima drank a decoction of the leaves as an emetic, and applied the boiled leaves as poultices to wounds or sores. The yellow flowers turn into small gray fruits that attract foraging animals. In terms of negative water potential, creosote bushes can operate fully at -50 bars of water potential and have been found living down to -120 bars, although the practical average floor is around -70 bars, where the plant's need for cellular respiration generally exceeds the level that the water-requiring process of photosynthesis can provide. Chemicals found in creosote bush roots have been shown to inhibit the growth of burro bush roots, but as of 2013, much of their relationship remains unexplained. Tuberculosis 14. Plant Name. Sometimes plants appear as if carefully spaced, possibly due to wide spreading roots and allopathy. Diabetes 7. The specific name tridentata refers to its three-toothed leaves. tridentata: 3 toothed. Bladder infection 3. One interesting characteristic of this plant, which was an important native American herb for centuries, is that it produces a sap that … Native Americans in the Southwest held beliefs that it treated many maladies, including sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, chicken pox, dysmenorrhea, and snakebite. [24] In 2005, Health Canada issued a warning to consumers to avoid using the leaves of Larrea species because of the risk of damage to the liver and kidneys. [19] The Coahuilla Indians used the plant for intestinal complaints and tuberculosis. Symbol Scientific Name; COTR10: Covillea tridentata (DC.) Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native and very common in the deserts of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Utah, western Texas, and northern Mexico. (Of course, "attractiveness" of any plant is a matter of personal preference... as is wallpaper.). From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age. Rounded, multi-stemmed evergreen shrub. It can be readily found in the Mojave, Sonaran, and Chihuahuan deserts as well as Death Valley, but its territory includes parts of New Mexico and Texas as well. creosotebush. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Name: Creosote Bush Family: Zygophyllaceae, caltrop family Duration: Perennial Size: Up to 12 feet, usually much less. Chaparral Leaf Here are some hard facts about the herb known as Chaparral Leaf (Larrea tridentata): Also known as the "creosote bush," Larrea tridentata is a flowering evergreen shrub native to the deserts of the Southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico. Bark gray with darker swollen nodes. Larrea tridentata . Surfaces of younger parts are resinous and sticky; the odoriferous resins give it the common name, creosote bush. Chaparral is a good Mouthwash. The bran… Accumulation of fallen leaves, as well as other detritus caught from the passing wind, creates an ecological community specific to the creosote bush canopy, including beetles, millipedes, pocket mice, and kangaroo rats. Germination is quite active during wet periods, but most of the young plants die very quickly unless water conditions are optimal. Sun and reflected heat. Geographic subdivisions for Larrea tridentata: SNE, D, (uncommon Teh, SnJV, SCo, SnJt) MAP CONTROLS 1. It has a number of other common names. Leaves opposite, compound, 2 leaflets fused at the base, each less than 18 mm × 8 mm, lanceolate to curved, usually yellow-green with a glossy surface, darker and aromatic (creosote odor) after rainfall. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The common name refers to the greasy smell exuded by the plant, most noticeable during wetter periods. The scientific name of Chapparal is Larrea Tridentata. Evergreen shrub, vase-shaped, 3-10 ft (0.9-3 m) tall, slow growing, open in shallow, dry soils, dense when water is more available.
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