We often use it before it’s fully open though and absolutely love the very warm red and gold color mixed in with other warm autumn tones. The general rule of thumb is to begin after all danger of frost has passed. This one will hear \"hard… I seriously loved this post! The roots have taken up the entire pot, which makes it really hard for the soil to retain any water. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: Thank you so much for posting and sharing this incredible knowledge! Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. Ball Garden Mums are classified into Early, Mid, Late and Very Late flowering varieties. Starts blooming Early September in the North and Mid September in the South. But maybe not next year… 🙂. I’m wondering if corralling would make harvesting a bit easier and still would hold them up. Awards 'Warm Igloo' - University of Georgia Best of the Best. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. Mum plants can be split and divided in early spring if they become too large over the years. Give them 1 inch per week during the early growing season, and then increase this to two or three times a week as the flower buds mature and the flowers begin to open. But if you haven’t already, make sure to put those cuttings up and let them have a week or two to get acclimated. Hugs! But that sun and heat also speeds up the blooming cycle of the plant. Tough Liriope can be divided easily, some varieties produce variegated foliage. My mum knowledge is hugely lacking. This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills). Thanks! They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. Some mums are early bloomers, while others are mid-season bloomers or late-blooming varieties. Cool weather is just what pansies prefer, blooming in cool spring weather or in the fall. Mix a few of these in with Apricot Alexis and Candid in a bouquet or centerpiece for instant drama and color harmony. The most popular of the spoon mums is ‘Kimie’, showing off golden yellow petals in a single row around a tight center disk. by Jennie Love | Nov 4, 2013 | Farming | 32 comments. The full bloom is large and lush with coloring that pairs beautifully with Seatons J Dore, Honeyglow, and anything orange. In fact, chilly weather intensifies colors and keeps blossoms looking fresh until a hard, killing frost drops the curtain on the gardening year. This means that some of the water or … Required fields are marked *. Repotting is the single most important thing you can do to increase the longevity of your mums. Mums thrive in full sun but can handle a bit of shade. That means they are putting an awful lot of energy into blooming, not growing roots. Refer to the A-Z Quick Reference Guide to determine the approximate flowering date for each variety. From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. Though some varieties are invasive, Liriope Muscari is a clumping type. Maybe that will get you the number of growing days you need for more blooms. As the plants grow, they are pinched at about four or five inches tall. I’m in Michigan! Thanks! As I began growing and designing for more and more weddings, many in the late weeks of autumn with the risk of frost ever present, I knew heirloom mums were the answer. See more ideas about hardy mums, garden mum, autumn garden. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. If you choose early-, mid-, and late-blooming varieties, you will enjoy a full seven … Hooray for the reintroduction of so many beautiful heirloom varieties, and thank you for encouraging the use of in-season flowers. Great post and beautiful images, thank you for sharing your knowledge with all. Heat delay can cause irregularly formed flower buds, erratic flowering, deformation of the plant’s crown, and other developmental issues. The repeated freezing and thawing of the soil will heave the plant out of the ground and kill the roots. I’ll put that up in the blog post as I forgot to mention it earlier. Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. I know, it’s truly heartbreaking. Great post! The plants were not particularly robust for us so Moira may not be the best cultivar for growers focused on wholesale production. Early bloomers will be in full flower in mid-summer while late-season bloomers will begin to show color in late summer to early fall. I loved this blog post and bought my farm a large variety from King Mums and I am so sad to hear they won’t be able to have their season this year. One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. This dusky purple flouncy bloom was new to us this year. We are cutting heavily from the mums from the last week of October to the third week in November. Early and midseason varieties are ideal for areas in the middle of the country. Early season mums will initiate flowering during longer days, and late season varieties initiate flowering when day length is shorter. The warm undertone of the color lets it play nicely with other warm autumn colors, even red. If the winter is mild, the ones in the field will overwinter as well. There is one tragic downside to Apricot Alexis that is important to note. They are quite abundant, and we use Pure Spray Green as an organic control. These hardy blooms can handle light frost without flinching and many have the same dramatic beauty of dahlias. Cool temperatures don’t bother mums, either. Front Border, Middle Border, Container, Long Blooming. You’ve probably wrinkled your nose at the idea of mums in any bouquet other than the ones you grab at the market while shopping for dinner ingredients. You can get a time-released fertilizer (12-6-6), which feeds the plants for about three months. Soil should remain moist, but not soggy. Flowers very nicely as a spray. Garden mums are often purchased already flowering in containers. We also fertilize heavily with fish emulsion and kelp. So very delicate, it is a warm hue that blends superbly with the classic red and copper tones of autumn. Here in zone 7 in Philadelphia, we don’t rely on overwintering and just plan to order new plugs each spring. But mums can definitely do well out in the open field if you don’t have a hoop house. When we have more hoop house space, we’ll grow many more inside as wind and rain are hard on mums. Our November weddings and Thanksgiving centerpieces are heavily reliant on the mums. Mum colors include white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, cream, salmon, and bi-color. 1) Apricot Alexis And when gardeners try to transplant these mums into the ground late in the season, chances are they won't make it through winter and become perennial. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. Often called “the golden flower”, their blooms are infused with folklore the world over. Do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown. Try planting your plants out even earlier under a layer of Agribon for a little protection. Our mums are grown in black plastic with drip irrigation. Native to China and prized for over 2,000 years, the name “chrysanthemum” comes from the Greek words for gold (chrysos) and flower (anthos) and is often affectionately shortened to “mum.” I do not have any other mum suppliers that I have used, but you can be sure I’m currently on the hunt for some. . Our rooted cuttings from King’s are grown on in four inch pots in the heated greenhouse from March through May. If we wanted earlier bloom production for some reason, we would not do this second pinch. Your post here was very helpful. I felt super lucky to see some gorgeous, exciting mum varieties blooming at Robin Hollow Farm yesterday afternoon. Hi Patty – I’ve actually stopped growing mums because I decided I wanted to wrap up my season at the end of October each year, rather than push through to Thanksgiving. For optimal blooming, the plants should be fertilized regularly throughout the growing season. The little curled ends of the petals are incredibly precious. Spacing is 12″ apart, two rows in a three foot wide bed. If plants are dry in the morning make sure to irrigate thoroughly and evenly. Leaf spots and powdery mildew are rarely fatal, but plants with other diseases should be removed and destroyed. What an informative and beautiful site. It takes a considerable amount of effort to manipulate this genetic trait to be able to take advantage of the very early and late-season sale opportunities. I never really found them pretty. Apparently she’s a finicky plant that doesn’t like to overwinter so the team at King’s Mums has a hard time getting enough cuttings to sell. Beautiful and inspiring! Established plants should be lifted and divided every two to three years. Flowers very nicely as a spray. The name truly fits this type of mum, which sprouts beautiful spoon-shaped petals. Click to see full answer. If grown under the cover of a hoop house, they can easily keep blooming well through Thanksgiving here in Philadelphia. This is so helpful, thanks! Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. This is a case where the genus name has become such a commonly used name that capitalization is often abandoned (as will be the case in this article). Thanks for such an informative post about varieties and growing techniques for these beauties! I am a home gardener and this year begin what I know is going to be a love affaire with mums. Instead, two hard pinches prove to be sufficient for getting nice blooms for wedding work. My second favorite mum of all time, the rich ruby red of this bloom is unlike any other I’ve seen. Mums grow best in full sun. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. I just put up a post on them on my blog nothing to compare with yours, just a little ode to their beauty…all so lovely. Mocha would be best in a hoop house. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. Most of our mums are field grown, but about 25-30 plants go into the hoop house as well. After the blooms fade, cut the plants down to about 6 inches, and cover them with straw or another dry mulch to protect the roots over winter. What a treasure of knowledge!! One of my favorite places. We … The only major pest we’ve really experienced on the mums to date are aphids. I use potting soil — ProMix BX to be exact. 2) Lynn Johnson and you never know…maybe next year the dreaded gladiola will make a comeback :)))), Too funny, Betsy! About This Is My Garden. Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. A lesser known but very hardy, early-blooming type, Chrysanthemum rubellum-- particularly the varieties 'Clara Curtis' and 'Mary Stoker' -- are top choices for gardeners in USDA Zones 4 and 5. You will rarely find named mums in garden centers. Generally, flowering will be most profuse if they are grown in full sun. White mums seem to be especially prone to aphid pressure. Simply so, are Belgian mums Hardy? Here are general rules for chrysanthemums in other years when they don’t look as if they will bloom too early: For sturdy flowers and big blooms start pinching back chrysanthemums in spring and pinch often. It’s a striking accent in centerpieces, and I love to pair it with warm soft pinks and peach blooms along with purple kale. and so the cycle continues so we have a massive number of plants by the time we plant them out in the field (usually the first week of May). Plant these flowers in clusters in rock gardens, along paths, or under a lawn. Nov 13, 2018 - Explore Wilson Nurseries's board "hardy mums", followed by 290 people on Pinterest. We often use it before it’s fully open though and absolutely love the very warm red and gold color mixed in with other warm autumn tones. Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. Furthermore, because mums flower so late in the season, they are nondescript, though not unattractive, in the garden until blooming time. Late-blooming cultivars flower after mid-October. Awesome, Kelly! Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977, for 'Minngopher.' These flowers only grow about 4 inches in diameter, making it a petite mum to add to your garden that won't take up too much space. It’s a definite “must” for anyone growing for autumn farmers markets or wholesale. Bloom times vary with variety and climate from early September through mid-October. What a beautiful site! As the petals open, they soften to a lavender tone that is beyond lovely when mixed with Candid and Apricot Alexis, as well as late season dahlias like Cafe au Lait and Voodoo. How many cuttings per variety do you start with to propagate from and how many plants do you end up setting out from that number? While working at Longwood Gardens, one of the most renown hubs for mum production in the US, I learned the fine art of disbudding and pinching for highest quality blooms. The flowers are 1" across—purple and pink varieties are on the market. Always a looker and highly productive, this little beauty tends to bloom more warm mauve than coral for us (see above photo). You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. Comes to Must Have Perennials from Aris Horticulture, Inc. If you’re using chrysanthemums for a pop of fall color to boost your late season garden, plant them when they’re blooming in later summer or early fall and treat them as annuals. There are many blooms on each main stem, but we can cut each large cluster apart and use the shorter side stems in centerpieces. Patty. . However, there are varieties that are truly perennial in most climates when planted in the early spring or in the fall several weeks before the first frost. For anyone who doesn’t know, you can read more here about King’s disruption of stock: http://myemail.constantcontact.com/2014-Shipping-Announcement.html?soid=1109510086072&aid=HBn2fE54XTE Thanks again for all the great info. I just got my order from the new King’s Mums and was so excited to come back and revisit your post to see what I should do with my plugs. The most straightforward and fastest method is through division. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, Garden mum, garden chrysanthemum, hardy chrysanthemum, hardy mum, mum, 4 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide (size varies depending on the variety), Gold, white, off-white, yellow, bronze (rust), red, burgundy, pink, lavender, and purple, Growing Hardy Chrysanthemums in Containers, How to Grow Hardy Mum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) Plant, Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile, Purple Coneflower (Echinacea) Plant Profile. Thank you Jenny! Two of the most common causes of premature budding that are within the growers' control are stress from lack of watering or from lack of fertilization. Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. If you are purchasing multiple potted mums for a front porch or for fall landscape decorations, choose several varieties so that you will have continuous blooms. Established plants should not be fed after July, so new growth is not injured by frost. I will update the post if I should find some. Would you consider selling a few rooted cutting next spring?thanks. ... Once the entire mum has stopped blooming in fall, cut the plant back to the ground. Mums sprout in early spring and then start to grow in a bush-like fashion, sometimes. Now in the fourth season of mum production at the farm, I feel like I’ve got a good handle on which varieties work best, particularly for wedding designs. It is a genus with amazing diversity, both in blooms and uses. Mums do contain substances that are toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so take care to plant them where they won't tempt curious animals. To obtain the exceptional varieties or exhibition mums, you will need to start from seed or order from a nursery or specialty mail-order company. 3) Candid Is there another source you recommend? Plant in well-drained soil and avoid oversaturation. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. The new European-style Prophets Series — from Greenhouse Grower , an Ohio-based wholesale breeder and nursery — boasts more than 100 blossoms per plant. The buds are large and nicely colored for personal pieces like boutonnieres, corsages and hair flowers. These plants grow fast, and you should have flowers in the first growing season. In warmer climates, consider heat delay. If you’re using a mum as a perennial, plant in early spring, or in the fall at least six weeks before the first killing frost. 10) Seatons J Dore Thank you so much for sharing! Hugs to you too, Nancy! I have to confess that I was most decidedly in the anti-mum camp for most of my life. Light frost can damage opening buds though so if you can protect them, do so. There are over 5,000 varieties of mums in cultivation. Those slender stems do mean that it’s prone to toppling in heavy storms. Thank you for spending the time to demystify mums for me. One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. Very productive with long slender stems. Your email address will not be published. King’s is just gonna have to ramp up production after this post 🙂. Common diseases include botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, stem and root rots, verticillium wilt, aster yellows, and viruses. Natural-Season Flowering Average Natural-Flower Date Very Early Before Sept. 9 Early Sept. 10 to 18 Mid Sept. 19 to 26 The Igloo series brings unprecedented uniformity and flower power to the late Summer/early Autumn perennial border. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. Their hardiness, plus their ability to be pinched back during the summer so they won't bloom until fall, make these jewel-toned beauties a welcome splash in the garden at a time when most summer flowers have faded. xo. You’ve probably wrinkled your nose at the idea of mums in any bouquet other than the ones you grab at the market while shopping for dinner ingredients. It’s too labor intensive for our small operation/team.
2020 early blooming mum varieties