The following species are locally extinct in the country: Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates), Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures), Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_mammals_of_Iraq&oldid=988082020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Euphrates soft shell turtle is found namely in the Euphrates River and surrounding areas throughout Iraq. These animals have a uniquely beautiful coat with colors ranging from brown to black with pure white beautiful spots. The goitered gazelles have brown fur, white bellies and patches of white on the face. Brucellosis is an endemic disease in food-producing animals in Mosul, Iraq. Rodents, snakes, hedgehogs, gazelle and large cats are some of the animals that call Iraq home. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats. These nocturnal rodents possess long and formidable quills of almost 16 inches for defense. The animals native of Iraq have been predominantly determined by the arid climate and terrain of the country's mountains and deserts. Iraqi Kurdish man, Ribair Umar, 20, is one of them. They are small tree squirrels with grayish brown to pale grey fur. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. Coniferous, mixed temperate oak, and pine forests are the preferred habitats for the Caucasian squirrels. Nine species of scorpions found in Iraq and Kuwait have life-threatening stings. By Andrew Mwaniki on June 20 2019 in Environment. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. It is difficult to estimate the population of the Red-Breasted Goose due to its wide wintering range of almost 1.2 million square kilometers. There are over 300 dissimilar breeds of … Therefore, all endangered species of Iraq may not be listed here. They possess very good vision in the night and can communicate with body language, smells, and vocal sounds. Our Mission. For this reason, Iraq has made it as the national symbol of Iraq. Iraq is an Asian country located in western Asia. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans. They feed on vegetation such as herbs, grasses, foliage, and bushes. For a complete list of endangered species in the Middle East, browse the Middle East endangered species list. Once Anthony entered Iraq he discovered that hostilities and uncontrolled looting had devastated the zoo and its animals. This hare’s eyes are such that they can see a range of 360° without moving its head. The wildlife of Iran first been partly described by Hamdallah Mustawfi in the 14th century who only referred to animals. Majd Shaar, a veterinarian, along with volunteers treat stray dogs that are brought back to a shelter in Iraq's Arbil. Persian fallow deer are very social animals who live in herds. Iran - Iran - Plant and animal life: Topography, elevation, water supply, and soil determine the character of the vegetation. They possess long ears, brown fur, and are very agile. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals. The US will slash troop levels in Afghanistan and Iraq to their lowest levels in nearly 20 years of war after President Donald Trump pledged to end … The onagers are the smallest in size in comparison to the four subspecies of the Asiatic wild ass. There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. Nature Iraq is the only animal conservation group active in the country. The Bactrian camel is found mainly in the south parts of Iraq's desert roaming freely. The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). One of the species is probably locally extinct in the wild.. Other species have venoms that produce severe pain and some swelling at the site of the sting. Rattling sounds made by the porcupine indicates that it is angry. The Persian fallow deer is scientifically called Dama dama mesopotamica. Learn about all the amazing animals in Iraq. The lifespan of a wild goat is 10 to 16 years. Arabic trees are also common throughout the country. Ironically, pigeons, which are doves, have done a great deal to help militaries around the world, saving lives and carrying critical messages. Iran, although largely a desert country, is home to all manners and variety of animals, including many native mammals. IRAQ and KUWAIT Tom Harkins Entomological Sciences Program USACHPPM APG, MD 21010. These animals live up to 12 to 25 years. Animals That Live in Iran. The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild. There are lots of ways you can help us to give these animals a helping hand. Although it is a war-torn country, Iraq is endowed with many unique animal species as discussed below; The Persian onager is scientifically called Equus heminous onager. The wild goat is scientifically known as Capran aegagrus. The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They grow up to 32-36 cm in length and weigh 260-410 grams. It is also affected by diseases like coccidiosis, tularemia, and pasteurellosis. However, their survival is threatened by water and air pollution, habitat loss, as well as predators such as foxes, hawks, and eagles. It has been nicknamed “beast of burden” and “ship of the desert” due to its ability to transport luggage across the desert. The list of mammals of Iraq comprises seventy-eight mammal species, of which one is endangered, eleven are vulnerable, and three are near threatened. The Caucasian squirrel is scientifically known as Sciurus anomalous. Iraq has a number of scorpion species, including some venomous ones. Real hawks don't do anything to help militaries except, in a … The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals capable of flight. References: Iraqi Symbols – World Atlas; List of National Animals – Wikipedia; Goat: The National Animal of Iraq … In humans, the sting of this scorpion is painful, and the pain can last for at least five minutes. One of the species is probably locally extinct in the wild. By Sharon Omondi on December 3 2019 in Environment. Male onagers are slightly larger than females. The Indian crested porcupines are herbivores feeding on grains, roots, and fruits. Endangered species found in Iraq: Caucasian squirrels breed twice a year and have a lifespan of 7 to 10 years. As a result, the government of Iraq has created two protected areas for them namely the Peramagroon and Barzan Mountain. The European hare is scientifically known as Lepus europaeus. The first celebration is Muharram on the first month of the … In fact, the country is known for its many species of bats. This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 23:17. The Iraq’s national animal, the domestic goat that comes from the family Bovidae, which is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. It is a subspecies of goat cultivated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. It is also known as the Asiatic wild ass or the Persian wild ass. Iraq bans import of 29 agricultural, animal products September 22, 2020 at 8:26 am | Published in: Iraq , Middle East , News Iraqis at a food market in Baghdad, Iraq … Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. The Bactrian camel is scientifically known as Camelus bactrianus. Its capital and largest city is Baghdad. Animals in Iraq and other hostile environments need your help. Most stings (80-90%) occur on hands or forearms. They have long legs, big-lipped snouts, and two humps that are essential for food storage. They feed on nuts, seeds, buds, pine corn, and fruits. There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species. These animals live up to 12 to 25 years. Rabies: Rabies can be found in dogs, bats, and other mammals in Iraq, so CDC recommends this vaccine for the following groups: Travelers involved in outdoor and other activities (such as camping, hiking, biking, adventure travel, and caving) that put them at risk for animal bites. Green energy for humans and animals in Northern Iraq. In the northeast cultivation fed by precipitation is possible, but elsewhere irrigation is essential. The golden jackals also possess fluffy 25-cm-long tails and long ears. With this in mind, they have made this innocent game bird as their national identity. Persian fallow deer are very social animals who live in herds. Fully grown Bactrian camels weigh 600 to 1000 kg and grow as tall as 1.8 meters. The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed on the IUCN Red List: The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers. It inhabits the rocky hillsides, forests, grasslands, and temperate scrublands of Iraq. Porcupines are hunted for their meat and also face habitat degradation by encroaching population. The list of mammals of Iraq comprises seventy-eight mammal species, of which one is endangered, eleven are vulnerable, and three are near threatened. Iraq - Iraq - Climate: Iraq has two climatic provinces: the hot, arid lowlands, including the alluvial plains and the deserts; and the damper northeast, where the higher elevation produces cooler temperatures. Our aim is to alleviate the pain and suffering of animals in hostile environments and areas of civil conflict. Annual precipitation ranges between 700 and 1,000 millimeters (27 and 40 inches), and occurs between October and April. SOLDIER-SNAKE ENCOUNTERS TIMING OF INITIAL PHASE NIGHTFIGHTING FORCE The latter includes such species as the wild goat, Dorcas gazelle, and Indian desert jird. The Red-Breasted Goose is scientifically known as Branta ruficollis. ... Iraq is a country wrecked by a series of conflicts that have devastated its electric infrastructure which now depends on electricity generators operated with fossil fuel. They are canine animals resembling coyotes which grow up to 70 to 85 cm lengthwise. In the north-eastern part of Iraq (zone 1 on the map), occupied by the mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan (Zagros and Taurus), winters are cold and rainy, while summers are hot and dry, even scorching up to quite high altitudes. Help us change the lives of Kurdistan Iraq animals, sign this petition, email Kurdistan Prime Minister, and write/ email the Kurdish Regional Government in your country and politely express how you feel about the way the Kurdistan Iraq treatment of animals. Its name was coined from the goiter-like enlargement that appears on the throats of males during mating seasons. Regarding their feeding habits, the jackals are omnivores, scavengers, and opportunistic eaters. Find Out How. There are currently more than 3300 plants and flowers in the country of Iraq. The European hare are nocturnal herbivores that exhibit a polygamous way of life. Panel 1. They use their claws to hold the prey, and the stinger injects the venom. Hunting, poaching, and habitat loss are a big threat to the survival of the wild goats. The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The wild goats also inhabit forests, shrublands, and rocky areas and would entirely feed on vegetation. Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. The bird inhabits the tundra and steppes in northern Iraq where it feeds on grass, leaves, stems, wheat, barley, and tubers. Strange Animals in Basra, Iraq. European beavers live in Iran. Iraq became a republic on July 14, 1958. They graze in groups and are polygamous. Lax law enforcement and national instability, coupled with the threat of … Approximately one-tenth of Iran is forested, most extensively in the Caspian region. Nestled in western Asia, Iraq provides homes to a variety of animals that can withstand the arid climate. Note/Disclaimer: This list is made possible through a database keyword search/filtering process which may not be 100% accurate. Recommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages to Iraq. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition. Bactrian camels can drink up to 30 gallons of water at a go and survive for about six months without food and water. In the area are found broad-leaved deciduous trees—oak, beech, linden, elm, walnut, ash, and hornbeam—and a few broad-leaved evergreens. 4. Scorpions with potentially lethal venoms tend to have slender pincers and Its neighboring states are Jordan, Kuwait, Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Saudi Arabia. There are no current identifiable risks to the species. All four species are endangered. They weigh from 6 to 12 kg. These camels are mostly found in the desert prairies and steppes of Iraq in herds led by a male camel. The Persian fallow deer is an endangered species in Iraq due to habitat destruction and human poaching. Their tails are short and black. Possible new breeds from 2 breeds, or lab experiments, or genetic mutation due to high levels of cancer cases in Iraq. Working with members of the zoo staff and a few compassionate U.S. soldiers, he defended the zoo, bartered for food on war-torn streets, and scoured bombed palaces for desperately needed supplies. The native animals of Iraq include the antelope, hyena, jackal, wild pig, gazelle, cheetah, lizard, wild ass, wolf and bat. These gazelles inhabit grasslands, shrublands, mountain valleys, deserts, and semi-deserts of Iraq. Discover Iraqi animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! They live for 10 to 12 years. Talking about animal rights in Iraq always brings up the same kinds of questions: Why should we care about stray cats and dogs when there are human beings in danger and need all around us? Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (99 lb). Pigeons in Iraq are the exact same species as pigeons here, only they're native there. The lifespan of an onager in the wild is reported to be approximately 40 years. However, they also inhabit rocks and crevices. The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. The Indian crested porcupine is scientifically known as the Hystrix indica. A collective of wild animals found throughout Iraq and Kurdistan regions. The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Since Iraq is mostly a desert region, most of the plants found in this country boast a … They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater. Popular flowers include the red yucca and Jericho rose. Media in category "Animals of Iraq" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. Iraqis celebrate two New Year’s Days. Nonetheless there are still some locals who want to make a difference to the animals living on their streets. They are native to the Zagros Mountains in Iraq which is home to about 250 different species of wild goats. These animals have a lifespan of 18 years. The Persian fallow deer is an endangered species in Iraq due to habitat destruction and human poaching. The goitered gazelle or black-tailed gazelle is scientifically called Gazella subgutturosa. The life span of the goitered gazelles is 12 to 20 years. The Mammals of Iraq BY KOREKT T. HATT Cranbrook Institute of Science ANN ARBOR MUSEUM OF ZOOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN February 12, 1959 . The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. The birds that are commonly seen across the country include goose, vulture, owl, sand grouse, duck, partridge, buzzard, raven, and many different species of hawks. Generators can be seen but also smelled on many street corners. The Persian onagers live in the desert, semi-desert, and mountain steppes of Iraq. Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40% of mammalian species. Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range. The Golden jackals are also known as the common jackal and scientifically called the Canis aureus. The population of the European hare is on the decline due to poaching, sporting, and predation. In a word, Iraq is a country of wealth and they are peace lover. They have a pale sandy red coat, short tails, and weigh 200-260 kg. History. Bactrian Camel These dueling mountain goats are found in the mountainous terrains of Kurdistan in northern Iraq. It is black and white; with a conspicuous red breast, black forehead, and white stripes on the flanks. They possess very good vision in the night and can communicate with body language, smells, and vocal sounds. Females give birth in dugout depressions in the ground to young ones who are weaned after only four weeks after birth. The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two. They are closely related to the fallow deer but are larger and possess bigger antlers. Golden jackals mate for life with the females going through a gestation period is 57 to 70 days. A fully grown European hare weighs 4 to 6 kg.