Rumi encouraged Sama, listening to music and turning or doing the sacred dance. “. Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. After Salah ud-Din's death, Rumi's scribe and favourite student, Hussam-e Chalabi, assumed the role of Rumi's companion. Then what should I fear? On September 30, 1206, a small child was born to Sultan ul Ulama, Baha Uddin Walad, and Muimina Khatun in the city of Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) on the Anatolian Peninsula. Shortly after his death, Rumi succeeded him at the age of 25, and gradually he became known as Maulvi Sahib or Maulana Sahib. Shams Tabrizi was an unruly nomadic saint, whom people called a ‘bird’. آن را که شراب وصل جانان دادند Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, Recordings of Rumi poems have made it to the USA's Billboard's Top 20 list. Balkhī and Rūmī are his nisbas, meaning, respectively, "from Balkh" and "from Rûm" ('Roman,' what European history now calls Byzantine, Anatolia[27]). There is a lot to understand and contain. His shrine or green shrine in Konya is still considered a place of pilgrimage for followers of various religions, especially Muslims in Turkestan. 106–115), Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. If Muhammad rips the veil open from a single such branch, thousands of monks and priests will tear the string of false belief from around their waists. She is not dating anyone currently. Shahram Shiva asserts that "Rumi is able to verbalise the highly personal and often confusing world of personal growth and development in a very clear and direct fashion. When Shams relented and returned to Konya the first time, Rumi, didn’t want to lose Shams again so he came up with an idea. 47–49. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. 47:19). Several years after the death of Shams Tabrizi, Rumi rekindled a close friendship with a goldsmith named Salauddin Jacob. The centre for the Mevlevi was in Konya. Then Rumi did a strange thing to keep Shams Tabrizi in Konya. Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد رومی‎), also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (مولانا, "our master"), Mevlevî/Mawlawī (مولوی, "my master"), and more popularly simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian[10][1][11] poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran. Rumi's poetry is often divided into various categories: the quatrains (rubayāt) and odes (ghazal) of the Divan, the six books of the Masnavi. One day, the two of them were wandering through the Meram vineyards outside Konya when Hussam described to Rumi an idea he had had: "If you were to write a book like the Ilāhīnāma of Sanai or the Mantiq ut-Tayr of 'Attar, it would become the companion of many troubadours. Many times they see different differences and variations among themselves. If anyone quotes anything except this from my sayings, "ḎJ̲alāl al-Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵh̲aṭībī." I died to the vegetal state and reached animality, To commemorate Shams, Rumi named his first epic, Shams’s Collective Poems from the City of Tabriz. Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī (Maulana), Ibrahim Gamard, Aḥmad of Niǧde's "al-Walad al-Shafīq" and the Seljuk Past, A.C.S. [77] In regards to this, Rumi states: "The Light of Muhammad does not abandon a Zoroastrian or Jew in the world. [104] In 1974, the Whirling Dervishes were permitted to travel to the West for the first time. His poems or writings are in fact a reflection of human expression in various mysterious and diverse experiences where people find different feelings in his daily life. Hence we tend to be overly skeptical, distrustful. And I must (also) jump from the river of (the state of) the angel, I am the dust on the path of Muhammad, the Chosen one. Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me (in tones) like an organ, وز ملک هم بایدم جستن ز جو "[56] Rumi's longing and desire to attain this ideal is evident in the following poem from his book the Masnavi:[57], از جمادی مُردم و نامی شدم Age 37: On Saturdday, November 28, 1244 A.D. or 26th of Jamadi-ul0akhar 642 A.H., Rumi and Shams met: Age 39: On March 14, 1246, 21st Shewwal, 643, Shams left Qonya and Rumi … [34] Rumi expresses his appreciation: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[35] and mentions in another poem: "Attar has traversed the seven cities of Love, We are still at the turn of one street". In the Mevlevi tradition, samāʿ represents a mystical journey of spiritual ascent through mind and love to the Perfect One. At the next charge (forward) I will die to human nature, Rumi married Gawhar Khatun in 1225 while he was in Karaman during the Hijrah. You left, how can I cry now? But later when he became the famous Maulana and poet of Anatolia in Rome, he became known as Maulana and Rumi. But in the midst of all this, he was a bit of an exception. One rubaiyat reads: در راه طلب عاقل و دیوانه یکی است Peacock, Anatolian Studies, Vol. Rumi’s one son Amir Alim Chalabi and one daughter Malakhi Khatun … his nationality is Indian by birth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. "), Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). Mawlânâ Jalâl ad-Dîn Muhammad Balkhî, better known as Rumi, (1207 - 1273) was born in Afghanistan but was forced into a nomadic life as a child because his family feared Mongol invasion and general political unrest. He said, “Every tree carries the message of the unseen world. [36] His father was also connected to the spiritual lineage of Najm al-Din Kubra. He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert."[78]. Byzantinische Zeitschrift 4: 401–411. [26] His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu and Pashto languages. Again the long mystical conversation began and again the jealousies grew. He sees Rumi walking behind his father and says, “A sea is going behind a lake.” He presented Rumi with a book on the spirit of the hereafter, Asarnama. There, he realised: Why should I seek? 90–92: "Baha al-Din’s disciples also traced his family lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sep 9; Af 7; JNO 457; Dow 213). Rumi married at the age of eighteen. those fish of the pure sea of Majesty. Then I went to the mosque and did not find him there. “Persian Poetry, Sufism and Ismailism: The Testimony of Khwajah Qasim Tushtari's Recognizing God.”, Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. His father's friend Burhan al-Din arrived and for nine years taught Rumi Sufism. When the Mongols invaded Central Asia sometime between 1215 and 1220, Baha ud-Din Walad, with his whole family and a group of disciples, set out westwards. His first marriage was to Gawhar (“Pearl”), whom he had known since childhood. "RUMI: His Teachings And Philosophy" by R.M. When Rumi was 11 years old, Baha’u’llah Walad emigrated with his family and hundreds of followers to various countries in the Middle East over a dispute with the king of Balkh. His love for his favorite teacher and friend makes him a poet of love and friendship. This was clearly an intense personal and spiritual relationship that brought out new aspects of Rumi’s own spirituality and inspired his poetry. Rumi's poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music. A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?" [86], The Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, like Abu Bakr.[87]. So the poems written by Rumi are basically the poems of Shams Tabrizi. Rumi found another companion in Salaḥ ud-Din-e Zarkub, a goldsmith. During the time of Rumi (as attested in the Manāqib ul-Ārefīn of Aflākī), his followers gathered for musical and "turning" practices. [55] The 13th century Mevlâna Mausoleum, with its mosque, dance hall, schools and living quarters for dervishes, remains a destination of pilgrimage to this day, and is probably the most popular pilgrimage site to be regularly visited by adherents of every major religion. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. How can I cry now without eyes dear! The popular hagiographical assertions that have claimed the family's descent from the Caliph Abu Bakr does not hold on closer examination and is rejected by modern scholars. [32], The Afghan Ministry of Culture and Youth established a national committee, which organised an international seminar to celebrate the birth and life of the great ethical philosopher and world-renowned poet. Personally, I think the idea of Rumi and Shams being gay is one big contemporary projection. Rumi spent the next twelve years of his life in Anatolia dictating the six volumes of this masterwork, the Masnavi, to Hussam. A Reply to Misunderstandings about Rumi and Shams by Ibrahim Gamard (1/01) You asked about the relationship between Hazrat-e Mevlana and Hz. Rumi was married twice. For nine years, Rumi practised Sufism as a disciple of Burhan ud-Din until the latter died in 1240 or 1241. When his father died, Rumi took over his position as sheikh of the religious school in the community and continued his father’s practices of preaching, teaching, observing religious rites and practices, and ministering to the poor. Two years later, in 1927, the Mausoleum of Mevlâna in Konya was allowed to reopen as a Museum. "ḎJalāl al- Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵhaṭībī ." Bosworth, "Turkmen Expansion towards the west" in UNESCO History of Humanity, Volume IV, titled "From the Seventh to the Sixteenth Century", UNESCO Publishing / Routledge, p. 391: "While the Arabic language retained its primacy in such spheres as law, theology and science, the culture of the Seljuk court and secular literature within the sultanate became largely Persianized; this is seen in the early adoption of Persian epic names by the Seljuk rulers (Qubād, Kay Khusraw and so on) and in the use of Persian as a literary language (Turkmen must have been essentially a vehicle for everyday speech at this time). He writes, “When you left, blood flowed through my eyes. Tajiks and Persian admirers still prefer to call Jalaluddin 'Balkhi' because his family lived in Balkh, current day in Afghanistan before migrating westward. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. گویدم که انا الیه راجعون‎. Many times they see different differences and variations among themselves. After a while, by the end of 1247, Hazrat Shams was married to Kimia, a young woman who’d grown up in Mawlana Rumi's household. In the West Shahram Shiva has been teaching, performing and sharing the translations of the poetry of Rumi for nearly twenty years and has been instrumental in spreading Rumi's legacy in the English-speaking parts of the world. … He saw nature as a reflection of God’s love and was inspired to compose ghazals. Jalal Uddin Rumi died shortly after writing Masnavi. Tahsin Yazıcı, Ankara 1953, i, Önsöz, 44). ”. Excerpt: "known by the sobriquet Mewlānā, persian poet and founder of the Mewlewiyya order of dervishes", Annemarie Schimmel, The Triumphal Sun: A Study of the Works of Jalaloddin Rumi, SUNY Press, 1993, p. 193: "Rumi's mother tongue was Persian, but he had learned during his stay in Konya, enough Turkish and Greek to use it, now and then, in his verse.". … پس چه ترسم کی ز مردن کم شدم؟ But he did not catch Rumi because he was too young. It seemed Rumi had become quite impervious to all the perils. As the then king of Konya was his student, he was often considered higher than the king. In truth, the pearly verse of the poem combines the Canon Law of Islam (sharīʿa) with the Sufi Path (ṭarīqa) and the Divine Reality (ḥaqīqa); the author’s [Rūmī] achievement belongs to God in his bringing together of the Law (sharīʿa), the Path, and the Truth in a way that includes critical intellect, profound thought, a brilliant natural temperament, and integrity of character that is endowed with power, insight, inspiration, and illumination. [112] 2007 was declared as the "International Rumi Year" by UNESCO. Drink the wine of the Beloved! Hussam implored Rumi to write more. [53], Like other mystic and Sufi poets of Persian literature, Rumi's poetry speaks of love which infuses the world. Shams had travelled throughout the Middle East searching and praying for someone who could "endure my company". Shams Tabrizi first saw Rumi when Rumi was 21 years old, and he saw Rumi and realized that Rumi could be his worthy disciple and representative, who could fully comprehend his spiritual knowledge and abilities. Rumi’s visions, words, and life teach us how to reach inner peace and happiness so we can finally stop the continual stream of hostility and hatred and achieve true global peace and harmony.”. تا برآرم از ملائک بال و پر Rumi was a major celebrity, above the emir/sultan, highly cultured, extremely well connected and one of the most creative geniuses of all time. پس عدم گردم عدم چون ارغنون We do not learn the name of Baha al-Din's mother in the sources, only that he referred to her as "Māmi" (colloquial Persian for Māma),[46] and that she was a simple woman who lived to the 1200s. ), Banknote Museum: 7. He also mentions Rumi composed thirteen lines in Greek (Franklin Lewis. By Claire This week's ceremony reading is our second offering from this iconic Persian poet, it's This Marriage by Rumi. His father Bahauddin was a famous religious teacher and mystic who received a position at the university in Balkh. پارسی گو گرچه تازی خوشتر است — عشق را خود صد زبان دیگر است, Say it in Persian although in Arabic sounds better—Love, however, has its own many other dialects, These cultural, historical and linguistic ties between Rumi and Iran have made Rumi an iconic Iranian poet, and some of the most important Rumi scholars including Foruzanfar, Naini, Sabzewari, etc., have come from modern Iran. Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:19. Brill, 2009. And thus on November 15, 1244, Shams Tabrizi became acquainted with him. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. Seeing her dance, it seemed that she had gone to another world in the middle of the dance, she had no connection with the real world. In 1225, Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. In His love, brothers and strangers are one. Ποίηματα του Μαυλανά Ρουμή [Poems by Rumi]. And since his mother Muimina Khatun is a descendant of the Khwarizmi dynasty, Rumi has been growing up in the company of high-ranking people since childhood. [100] The music accompanying the samāʿ consists of settings of poems from the Maṭnawī and Dīwān-e Kabīr, or of Sultan Walad's poems. Shams stayed in Rumi’s home and was married to a young girl who had been brought up in the family. After the death of Gawhar Khatun, Rumi married a widow, who had a daughter named Kimia Khatun. According to tradition, Rumi was himself a notable musician who played the robāb, although his favourite instrument was the ney or reed flute. Class inequality did not find a place in him.
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