NASA’s Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM or IMERG, which is a NASA satellite rainfall product, estimated on Oct. 2 at 4:30 a.m. EDT (0830 UTC), Hurricane Maria was generating as much as 50 mm (2 inches) of rain in the eyewall, ringing around the eye. Estimating Maria’s Rainfall Rates from Space. Marie will be the 3rd major hurricane of the Eastern Pacific season this year, after Douglas and Genevieve. Marie is moving toward the west-northwest near 9 mph (15 kph), and this general motion with some decrease in forward speed is expected during the next day or so, followed by a turn toward the west late Wednesday or early Thursday. NASA’s Aqua satellite provided an infrared view of Tropical Storm Marie that revealed the effects of outside winds battering the storm. The strongest thunderstorms that reach highest into the atmosphere have the coldest cloud top temperatures. The same VIIRS visible image (above) besides capturing Norbert also caught a weakening Tropical Storm Marie as it continued toward the Central Pacific Ocean. Infrared Imagery Reveals a More Powerful Marie. Infrared imagery revealed that powerful thunderstorms circled the eye of the hurricane as it moved through the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Too steep. Water vapor imagery indicates that the easterly [wind] shear over the cyclone has continued to decrease and should be generally low for the next 3 days, and upper-level divergence will also be in place during that period to help ventilate the storm. Information morphing is particularly important over the majority of the world’s surface that lacks ground-radar coverage. Powerful Hurricane Marie can be seen in this nighttime satellite imagery from early Saturday, Oct. 3, 2020. Hurricane Marie’s cloud top temperatures and found strongest storms were around Marie’s center of circulation. Temperatures in those areas were as cold as minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 62.2 Celsius). Maximum sustained winds have increased to near 130 mph (215 kph) with higher gusts. One of the ways NASA researches tropical cyclones is using infrared data that provides temperature information. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. The other two major hurricanes were Douglas and Genevieve, both peaked at a Category 4 strength in the month of August. Rapid strengthening is forecast by the National Hurricane Center. At 11 a.m. EDT (1500 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Marie was located near latitude 21.1 degrees north and longitude 131.9 degrees west. There is no tracking data for this storm. At 5 a.m. EDT on Oct 1, NHC Hurricane Specialist Andrew Latto noted, “Recent microwave data and satellite images indicate that Marie has become much better organized over the past several hours, with a nearly completely closed eye noted in a (12:51 a.m. EDT) 0451Z AMSU composite microwave overpass.”. It is centered about 980 miles (1,580 km) west-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico. The higher the cloud tops, the colder and the stronger the storms. At 5 a.m. EDT (0900 UTC), NOAA’s National Hurricane Center (NHC) reported Hurricane Marie was a Category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Costliest U.S. NASA brings together technology, science, and unique global Earth observations to provide societal benefits and strengthen our nation. Another storm, Hurricane Marie, developed in September but became a hurricane during October. Cloud top temperatures identify where the strongest storms are located. Fortunately, Marie is far from land areas. Infrared imagery revealed that powerful thunderstorms circled the eye of the hurricane as it moved through the Eastern Pacific Ocean. NASA found very heavy rainfall ringing around the compact eye of Major Hurricane Marie. Warmer waters can help with tropical cyclone intensification, while cooler waters can weaken tropical cyclones. At the U.S. Tropical Depression: … The remains of the deep convection associated with Marie continues to get further displaced from the exposed low-level center due strong upper-level westerly winds, with the gap now over 100 nautical miles between those two features. Marie is the 18th tropical storm of the 2020 Eastern Pacific hurricane season. Sea surface temperature data are also critical for forecasters because tropical cyclones require ocean temperatures of at least 26.6 degrees Celsius (80 degrees Fahrenheit) to maintain intensity. A westward to west-northwestward motion is expected through Friday. In addition, using a NASA satellite rainfall product that incorporates data from satellites and observations, NASA estimated Marie’s rainfall rates the provided more clues about intensification. A motion toward the west-northwest or northwest with a gradual decrease in forward speed is expected during the next several days. Marie – Eastern Pacific Ocean Oct. 01, 2020 – NASA Finds Hurricane Marie Rapidly Intensifying NASA infrared imagery revealed that Hurricane Marie is rapidly growing stronger and more powerful. Satellite images and tracking maps of Category 4 Major Hurricane Marie 2020, September … She may have been overhyped but there were definitely some fun waves to be had. Marie was moving toward the west-northwest near 15 mph (24 kph). Basically, IMERG fills in the blanks between weather observation stations. Tropical Depression 18E formed on Sept. 29 by 5 p.m. EDT well southwest of the southwestern coast of Mexico. It extends approximately 9 miles/14.5 km high in the tropics. Additional strengthening is expected today, with weakening forecast to begin on Saturday, Oct. 3. For the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season, forecasters at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are calling for above-normal activity, with 13 to 19 … By 5 a.m. EDT on Oct. 6, Tropical Depression 19E strengthened into a tropical storm and was re-dubbed Norbert. Hurricane Maria’s rainfall could have played a significant role in toppling trees by pressing down on tree canopies while loosening soil, Uriarte and her colleagues say. NASA then provides data to tropical cyclone meteorologists so they can incorporate it in their forecasts. Strong storms with cloud top temperatures as cold as minus 70 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 56.6. degrees Celsius) surrounded the center. Select a map to … Due to these conditions, the NHC forecast explicitly shows rapid intensification during the next couple of days, with a peak intensity likely occurring sometime between 48 and 60 hours.”. It made landfall on the southeast coast of Yabucoa with winds at … Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico on Sept. 20, 2017 as a very strong Category 4 hurricane. The National Hurricane Center (NHC) noted that Marie’s center is embedded beneath a central dense overcast feature, and the band of thunderstorms in the western quadrant of the storm has become more pronounced and continuous. Weather Disasters Since 1980, Deadliest Late Season Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, Hunting Hugo: The Hurricane Hunters' Wildest Ride, The hurricane/typhoon hunter missions that never returned to base, A new world record wind gust: 253 mph in Australia's Tropical Cyclone Olivia, Modiki El Niños and Atlantic hurricane activity. Storm history. The estimated minimum central pressure is 997 millibars. That heavy rainfall near the center is suggestive of hot towering thunderstorms. At 5 a.m. EDT (0900 UTC), NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) reported Hurricane Marie was a Category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Marie is expected to become a major hurricane by tonight with some additional strengthening possible through Friday. How Other NASA Satellites Help Forecasters. Rainfall throughout most of the storm was occurring between 3 and 20 mm (0.1 to 0.8 inches) per hour. Water vapor analysis of tropical cyclones tells forecasters how much potential a storm has to develop. Not hurricane Marie. The thermodynamics are also favorable for fast strengthening, highlighted by sea surface temperatures of 28-29 degrees Celsius and plenty of moisture in the surrounding environment. Maximum sustained winds are near 90 mph (150 kph) with higher gusts. NHC Hurricane Specialist Robbie Berg noted, “The stage appears set for Marie to rapidly intensify during the next couple of days. Looking back at Hurricane Gustav's record 211 mph wind gust, Global warming and the frequency of intense Atlantic hurricanes: model results. Live hurricane tracker, latest maps & forecasts for Atlantic & Pacific tropical cyclones, including Disturbance 90L, Tropical Cyclone Five. Last month, Mr. Feltgen described 2020 as “hyperactive” compared with the average hurricane season, which typically produces 12 named storms, … NASA research has shown that cloud top temperatures that cold indicate strong storms that have the capability to create heavy rain. These towers are called “hot” because they rise to such altitude due to the large amount of latent heat. This temperature information can also tell forecasters if the strongest storms in a tropical cyclone are being pushed away from the center, indicating wind shear. It is about 775 miles (1,245 km) southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico. Maria's Status on Oct. 2. NASA’s Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM or IMERG, which is a NASA satellite rainfall product, estimated on Sept. 30 at 5:30 a.m. EDT (0930 UTC) that Tropical Storm Marie was generating as much as 30 to 40 mm (1.2 to 1.6 inches) of rain around the center of circulation. NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) expects Marie to become a major hurricane late on Oct. 1. Water vapor releases this latent heat as it condenses into liquid. Marie was just the fourth hurricane of the 2020 season, which is tied for the second fewest since 1981. The National Hurricane Center expects rapid strengthening and Marie is expected to become a hurricane this evening or tonight. Instead, what the IMERG does is “morph” high-quality satellite observations along the direction of the steering winds to deliver information about rain at times and places where such satellite overflights did not occur. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. NOAA’s National Hurricane Center (NHC) expects Marie to become a major hurricane late on Oct. 1. NASA infrared imagery revealed that Hurricane Marie is rapidly growing stronger and more powerful. Too south. Hurricane Laura was the second strongest storm to make landfall during the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season, coming ashore near Cameron, La., on Aug. 27 as a Category 4 hurricane … For updated forecasts, visit: www.hurricanes.gov, By Rob Gutro  Too far away. The stronger the storms, the higher they extend into the troposphere, and the colder the cloud top temperatures. The future track suggests it will stay away from any land areas. This near-real time rainfall estimate comes from the NASA’s IMERG, which combines observations from a fleet of satellites, in near-real time, to provide near-global estimates of precipitation every 30 minutes. Basically, IMERG fills in the blanks between weather observation stations. At 5 a.m. EDT (0900 UTC), the center of Hurricane Marie was located near latitude 14.8 degrees north and longitude 118.1 degrees west. What IMERG does is “morph” high-quality satellite observations along the direction of the steering winds to deliver information about rain at times and places where such satellite overflights did not occur. By Rob Gutro Tropical Storm Marie has formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and NASA satellite data helped confirm the strengthening of the storm. At 8 a.m. today, Marie was a Category 4 hurricane located about 2,025 miles east of Hilo, with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph, and moving west-northwest at 14 mph. Estimating Marie’s Rainfall Rates from Space. Storm Maps. Major Hurricane Marie continues to perform despite weakening to category 3 status, still taking a relatively favorable track that should keep swell in the water through the start of the workweek. West coast hurricane swells are often total duds. Infrared light is a tool used to analyze the strength of storms in tropical cyclones by providing temperature information about a system’s clouds. NASA’s Aqua Satellite Reveals Effects of Wind Shear. Infrared and water vapor data from NASA’s Aqua, Terra and NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite were used to help forecasters assess the environment where Marie was headed. Marie – Eastern Pacific Ocean Oct. 06, 2020 – NASA Catches Development of Tropical Storm Norbert as Marie Declines NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Eastern Pacific Ocean and captured the birth of a depression that became Tropical Storm Norbert while Marie continued weakening while headed toward the Central Pacific. In addition, a mid-level eye has begun to form, as observed in microwave satellite data. The center of Hurricane Marie was located near latitude 16.2 degrees north and longitude 123.2 degrees west. Twelve hours later the depression strengthened into a tropical storm and renamed Marie. Water vapor releases latent heat as it condenses into liquid. Imagine being able to look down at a storm from orbit in space, and provide data that lets scientists calculate the rate in which rain is falling throughout it. For more than five decades, NASA has used the vantage point of space to understand and explore our home planet, improve lives and safeguard our future. NASA infrared imagery revealed that Hurricane Marie is rapidly growing stronger and more powerful. Advancing knowledge of our home planet contributes directly to America’s leadership in space and scientific exploration. Infrared imagery revealed that powerful thunderstorms circled the eye of the hurricane as it moved through the Eastern Pacific Ocean. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, https://pmm.nasa.gov/gpm/imerg-global-image, NASA Aids Disaster Response after Eta and Iota Hit Central America. The storm made landfall in Nicaragua as a Category 4 hurricane, ... the unusually busy 2020 season tied a record set in 2005 for the most storms. Is the Atlantic hurricane season getting longer? On Oct.5 at 6:20 a.m. EDT (1020 UTC), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer or MODIS instrument that flies aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite gathered infrared data on Marie that confirmed wind shear was adversely affecting the storm. Maximum sustained winds have increased to near 65 mph (100 kph) with higher gusts. On Oct. 1 at 4:10 a.m. EDT (0910 UTC) NASA’s Aqua satellite analyzed the storm using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer or MODIS instrument. ... summer 2020 … A low-pressure system will combine with the remnants of Hurricane Marie in the Pacific to deliver much-needed rain to the northern part of the state. Marie is moving toward the west-northwest near 9 mph (15 km/h), and this general motion, with a decrease in forward speed, is anticipated during the next couple of days followed by a turn to the west. By combining NASA precipitation estimates with other data sources, we can gain a greater understanding of major storms that affect our planet. Hurricanes/tropical cyclones are the most powerful weather events on Earth. Hurricane Marie could go on to become a Category 4 hurricane as it moves away from Mexico, but there is potential that some moisture could get drawn toward California prior to … Marie is located about 655 miles (1,050 km) south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico and is moving toward the west near 16 mph (26 kph). “The great wet hope for the West Coast is the interaction between remnants of Hurricane Marie and the cold jet stream coming out of the North Pacific,” Patzert said. Infrared imagery provides temperature information about cloud tops and sea surface environments. Maximum sustained winds have decreased to near 45 mph (75 kph) with higher gusts. Naval Laboratory in Washington, D.C., the IMERG rainfall data was overlaid on infrared imagery from NOAA’s GOES-16 satellite to provide the full extent of the storm. © Copyright TWC Product and Technology LLC 2014, 2020. Those towering thunderstorms have the potential for heavy rain. NASA research shows that a tropical cyclone with a hot tower in its eyewall was twice as likely to intensify within six or more hours, than a cyclone that lacks a hot tower. Marie could then become a major hurricane by late Thursday, Oct. 1. Marie is then forecast to begin weakening this weekend. 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