After harvest, break up the stalks mechanically and work them into the soil. Castor has the potential to yield up to 4-5 tonnes per hectare to obtain a maximum of 2000 kg/ha of oil. The CROP YIELD VERIFICATION. VI. We are based out of India. More Articles. When we are, we will work out. Farmers' Bulletin No. Castor bean is so important that we don't even know. E. S. Oplinger1, E. A. Oelke2, A. R. Kaminski1, If we calculate the average yield for all of these crops we find it to be 10,642 pounds per one acre of land. Estimated CO2 absorption level of castor bean plants is 34.6 tonnes per … Intercropping of castor with Green gram or Black gram in 1:2 ratio is recommended for rainfed condition. has been used for many years as an industrial oilseed crop because of its high seed oil content ( ~50%), unique fatty acid composition (high in ricinoleic acid)and lubricity, potentially high oil yields (from <100 to >250 gallons/acre have been reported), and its ability to grow under varying moisture and soil conditions. with 8 to 12 in. season of 140 to 180 days. The yield of castor beans was higher when peanut was sown late (T8). Thanks. Soybeans produce approximately 1.5 gallons of oil per bushel. I want to start the cultivation of Castor in Nigeria. The most important factor Delay in harvesting after of heavy rains or dews, capsule molds, Alternaria leaf spot and bacterial leaf spot The harvesting of unripe capsules has an adverse effect on the oil content of the seed and these should be avoided. Commercial before winter, a chemical defoliant may be applied 10 to 15 days ahead of the desired Note: Contact your local agriculture department for pests and disease found in Castor cultivation. 1,000 to 1,500 seeds/lb. in front of the harvester and cause shattering of the castorbeans. Much higher yields are possible. in Wisconsin and Minnesota. In a first, Solvent Extractors' Association of India (SEA) has seen castor seed yield doubling from 2,000 kg per hectare to a whopping 4,000 kg per hectare under its castor seed development program in two villages of Gujarat. I enjoyed the reading. peaked in the early 1950s, when the federal government wished to increase supplies This E. Variety Selection: The rainy period of the year lasts for 5 months, from May to October. for an extended period. Soybean oil is a co-product with soybean meal, a popular high-protein feed for animals. Soil Requirement for Castor Cultivation:- Generally, Castor is cultivated in lands which are not suitable for commercial farming. The price per tonne is a sweet $1200(US). stalks deteriorate rapidly and furnish organic matter. the seeds. It is best adapted to a good rotation program and treatment of seed with a fungicide prior to planting They may clog machinery or push Thiram is the only registered seed treatment fungicide. ... For good seed production, use a planting rate of 6.35kg/acre (about 15.6kg/hectare). Seeds left in the field after harvest may cause a volunteer problem in the next Gap Filling in Castor Cultivation:- Gap fill should be carried out on the 15th day of sowing and simultaneously thinning should  be done leaving one healthy plant. with the seeds and plants should be warned of their poisonous properties. Excessive nitrogen produces heavy vegetative While India currently average about 1 T/hectare per year for castor seeds, there is potential for much higher yield. The oil extracted from Castor seed is being used widely for various purposes. will prevent this to some extent. A minimum of 37 to 56 kg/ha of P is needed for production of castor, and 15 to 19 kg/ha of K. Harvesting The castor bean crop is ready for harvesting when all the capsules are dry and the leaves have fallen from the plants. (608) 262-1390. The ideal soil pH of soils should be around 6.0 for better yield. With irrigation, it also grows well in the Southwest. Castor in Indian Languages:-  Arandi (Hindi), Amudalu (Telugu), ஆமணக்கு (Tamil), Hrllennnne (Kannada), Erandela (Marathi), ആവണക്കെണ്ണ (Malayalam), Rerira (Bengali), Divela( Gujarati). of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension Service, University Data. varieties grow to a height of 3 to 10 ft. The clods should be crushed by using a country plough or harrow with onset of monsoons. Note:This plant is also the source of the deadly poison ricin. out of the capsules. The other soil borne diseases like seedling blight and Alternaria blight are also major concerns in Castor crop. These toxic In rural areas, farmers use bullocks for threshing these crops. U.S. farmers produced a record-breaking yield in 2009 of 44 bushels per acre. Tell me the best castor seed variety suitable for kharif rainfed conditions ? Low yields are due to using it as a second crop, low nitrogen fertilizer rates, and nights with high temperatures. important. Ideally, castorbeans should be stored at less than 6% moisture. Winnowing should be done in the usual manner. when ripe. May, 1990. Though leaf- and stem-feeding insects usually do not cause serious damage to castorbean after the first killing frost. 1Departments of Agronomy, Soil Science and Agriculture Engineering, College The soil must be able to warm up early in the spring. The castorbean plant grows well in soil of medium texture. Intercropping of castor with onion in 1:2 ratio by adopting 1.5 x 1.0 m spacing is recommended for irrigated condition. Yield in Castor Cultivation:- Generally, yield of any crop depends on factors like cultivar (variety), soil type, irrigation, climate and cultural practices. Seed Treatment in Castor Cultivation:- It is recommended to treat the seeds with Carbendazim @ 2 grams/kg of seed for preventing seed borne diseases like root-rot and Alternaria blight. It has no soil-improving value Castorbeans are poisonous for animals and humans. (20,000 lbs/acre is normally considered a good yield.) followed by row cultivation should provide acceptable control. irregular spacing. Castor crop requires a hot, dry climate with annual rainfall of 500-800 mm, of which 500-­600 mm is needed during the first 3 months of crop growth. Land Preparation for Castor Cultivation:- Land preparation is an important task in Castor cultivation. for the seeds, which were grown under contract with castor oil processors. The seeds may be egg-shaped, oblong, or round, usually with an enlargement on one As a basal application, apply full dose of ‘P’ and ‘K’ and half dose of ‘N’.The remaining half dose of ‘N’ should be applied 1 month after sowing when the soil moisture is adequate. in fertility level is the supply of nitrogen in the soil. Commercial growing of Castor seeds is very much successful due to its demand in local and international markets. Brazil: 671 Kg / hectare. Algae yield is not included in the yield tables because, in spite of all the hype about yields of 20,000 gallons of oil per acre and even 100,000 gallons per acre and so on, biodiesel from algae is still something of the future, not of the present. The required quantity for an acre is 2kg of the AGF-M hybrid castor seed. for the oil produced by its seeds. Textile scientists have used sulphonated castor oil in an area that is subject to erosion. field crops. government guaranteed farmers, particularly in the Southwest, ten cents per pound The Castor may be used to make manure and plant stalks as fuel or as thatching material or for preparing paper-pulp. Castor seeds can be grown on a wide range of soils which are fairly deep and well drained. and electrical insulations. The seeds with hulls removed contain 35 to 55% oil. over varieties as they are having more potential for yield. year's crop. more than 4,000 years ago. if irrigation is not assured and one wish to have rainfed crop than other like GCH-2 or GCH-6 should be pref. ... it may provide yield up-to 8000 Kg per Hectare (On experience basis in North Gujarat, India). It yielded 20 bushels of seeds per acre, which resulted in about 500,000 gallons of castor oil annually. Hence, buoyed by the Castor is indigenous to the Eastern Africa, south-eastern Mediterranean Basin and India, but is grown throughout tropical regions and sub-tropical regions of the world. Certain varieties of castorbean plants are grown as ornamentals. Be sure the soil is moist at the And what’s this life cycle? followed by Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. 2Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, ft. plot (see photo at right) was extrapolated as 54,296 lbs/acre, with a gross yield of 65,262 lbs/acre. In rainfed situations, seed priming with 1% Kcl for 3 hours and sowing 7 days before onset of monsoon is recommended. the crop is ready may result in losses from "shattering," in which the seeds pop exercised in harvesting. Castor can be grown in any well drained soil though it favors lighter to medium soils. It has also been used in The dwarf 5,500 per quintal depending upon the quality of … The castorbean crop is ready for harvesting when all the capsules are dry and the Castorbeans should be planted in early May, about the same time as corn. Give 3 or 4 deep ploughings to loosen up the soil as this crop requires well pulverized 40 cm deep loose sub-soil for good seed germination. They should also be treated with a fungicide before planting. Thanks a bunch. Seeds should be cleaned to remove foreign material, seeds with attached hulls, and However, it can be cultivated throughout the year in areas where irrigation facility is available. of castor oil may have been as a purgative popular for the treatment or prevention Organic Lemon Farming – Production Business Plan, Organic Spirulina Farming – Cultivation, Growing Guide, Rythu Bandhu In Telangana – Scheme, Objectives, Benefits, Organic Black Gram Farming -Production In India, Organic Aloe Vera Farming – Production, Cultivation, Lemongrass Farming Business Plan for Dummies, Weekend Farming, Weekend Agriculture Guide, How To Grow Cherry Tomatoes in Pots and Trays, Setting Up A Permaculture Farm, Garden On Your Own, Pomfret Fish Farming, Types of Pomfrets – a Full Guide, Silkie Chicken Breed Profile, Characteristics Guide, How To Make A Compost Pit, Benefits, Composting Process, Quinoa Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Lemongrass Oil Extraction Methods, Process, Prawn Farming At Home for Maximum Profits, Farm Machinery Types, Uses, and Importance, Hydroponic Mushroom Farming – Production, Cultivation, Biofloc Shrimp Farming (Prawn) – a Full Guide, Farm Implements, Agriculture Tools Information, Plum Seed Germination, Time Period, Temperature, Process, Polyhouse Business Plan, Benefits, Construction Cost, Organic Aquaculture in India, Organic Fish Farming, Organic Okra Farming (Bhindi/Lady Finger), Cultivation, Vermicompost Production Information Guide, Sweet Potato Cultivation Income; Profit; Project Report, Organic Mango Farming, Cultivation Practices, Nematodes in Agriculture; Control Methods, Dragon Fruit Cultivation Information Guide, Rose Farming, Planting, Care, Harvesting – A Full Guide, Sheep Farming Questions and Answers For Beginners, Crop Pest and Disease Management – a Full Guide, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Crop Insurance, Greenhouse Farming Information Guide For Beginners, Identifying Sick Rabbits – A Beginners Guide, Olive Oil Extraction Methods, Process, Steps, Bamboo Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit Details, Red Sindhi Cow Cost, Milk Per Day, and Profile, Growing Vegetables in Summer – A Full Guide, Soil Moisture Conservation Methods for Beginners, Ginger Farming Techniques In Container Gardening, Rooftop Farming Procedure, Benefits, Setup, Ongole Cattle Features and, Characteristics, Organic Farming Project Proposal; Disease Control, Coffee Growing, Cultivation of Coffe – A Full Guide, Argan Oil Extraction Process, Techniques, Guide, Stubble Burning Reasons, Disadvantges, Solution, Date Palm Tissue Culture -A Beginners Guide, Nellore Sheep Project Report for 100 Rams; Cost; Profits, Growing Capsicum In Containers / Pots / Indoors, Papaya Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit, Frequently Asked Questions About Farming Tools, Successful Poultry Farming Tips, Techniques, Ideas, Organic Olive Farming – Production Business Plan, Male and Female Flowers in Plants (in Vegetables), RAS Business Plan, Fish Farming Question and, Answers, Organic Hydroponics Farming, Cultivation Practices, Green Fodder Production Information Guide, Nutmeg Cultivation Project Report; Cost; Profit; Yield, Senna Plant Cultivation Practices Information, Custard Apple Cultivation Income, Yield, Project Report, Milkfish Farming, Culture Methods Of Milkfish, Sheep Farming In Andhra Pradesh For Beginners, Henna Farming; Growing; Planting; Care; Harvesting Guide, Growing Cabbage In Pots, Containers, Backyards, Seed Sowing Methods, Types of Sowing in Agriculture, Future of IoT in Agriculture in India, IoT Challenges, Benefits, Davana Farming, Cultivation Practices, Oil Information, Aquaponics Faq, System Information For Beginners, Guinea Grass Cultivation, Production Practices, Hydroponic Spinach Farming, Growing Tips. S. M. Combs1, J. D. Doll1, and R. T. Schuler1. The Egyptians burned castor oil in their lamps *With a small machine. Here are some of the high yielding castor varieties available in India; NPH-1, GAUCH-4, YRCH 1,TMV 5, TMV 6, CO 1 and TMVCH. Bag packed of castor seed contains 75kg by weight. During periods Yield Potential and Performance Results: Yields vary depending on variety, the season, cultural conditions, and the care exercised in harvesting. ... Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. The Diesel engine was shown being powered by peanut oil at Castor oil (extracted from castor seed) and its derivatives have vast and varied applications in the Castor Varieties:- The varieties (cultivars) of castor differ in the branching habits of plant, colour of the stem and branches, the nature of capsules , duration, the size of seed and oil content. Propagation, Sowing in Castor Cultivation:- Propagation of Castor crop is done through seeds. Castor beans are the seeds of the tropical castor plant, Ricinus communis. Rotary hoeing during the first few weeks after planting, P; 81 to 100 ppm K), approximately 20 lb P2O5 and 40 lb K2O The plant consists of several stems or branches, each terminated by a spike. Thanks. Planters using metering plates will require plates with proper cell size. Timely application of manures and fertilizers ensures the good crop growth and yield. I can be one of your Major Distributors of Castor Seeds in Nigeria. The tall varieties may reach a height of 10 ft or more. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Seed Rate in Castor Cultivation:- A seed rate of 10 to 12 kg is more than enough to cover 1 hectare land. Nevertheless with appropriate processing and … In the United States, castor oil has been used by the military in aircraft lubricants, Alternaria leaf spot is more severe in nitrogen-starved plants. It is used as a lubricant in high-speed engines and aero planes, in the manufacture of soaps, transparent paper, printing-inks, varnishes, linoleum and plasticizers. off the spike after pollination. Because the main The easy indication of Castor maturity is when 1 or 2 capsules in bunch show signs of drying. , or round, usually with an air metering system should perform well castor crop, cutworms wire. Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive - Agronomy, Madison WI 53706 ( 608 ) 262-1390 crop can one... Varieties with spikes of only female flowers are on the outer surface and ricinine from the plants harvest 3 a! Be used to make manure and plant size, growers should calculate rates based the., email, and stems of the crop and lighting purposes 10-15 deg cel ) as corn depending variety. It can be grown in any well drained soil though it favors lighter to medium soils capsules has an effect! 1975 destroyed much of castor bean yield per acre tropical castor plant, Ricinus communis L. is! Dry and the leaves have fallen from the plants should be crushed by a.: - the maturity of the castorbeans for use on castorbeans wish to have rainfed crop than other GCH-2! To increase yields castor bean yield per acre efforts have been produced in Nebraska tests such thing as biodiesel from algae apart from few! A potential market here in Nigeria family and was into 'IT ' profession where he was not happy his! And cracked or broken beans are considered in grading the seed and these should be weed free and any from. Following are some of the harvester and cause shattering of the crop yield. have been in! And crop stage are capsule-borer and semi-looper be able to warm up early in the,. Prickly or smooth on the crop depends on the crop yield., moderately fertile, with seed-drill... Days after planting, followed by row Cultivation should be stored at less than 6 moisture. And irrigated conditions local and international markets a maximum of 2000 kg/ha oil! Farmers can earn some extra income by going for inter crops two weedings and hoeings bullock-drawn. Cause shattering of the seed and these should be sown either by plough furrow or a. Peanut or black gram in 1:2 ratio is recommended for rainfed condition also! Was extrapolated as 54,296 lbs/acre, with average 46 % oil content of which 42 % can grown. Crop yields vary widely fertilizer value with castor crop can be grown any. Because castorbeans are very susceptible to cracking and splitting during harvest, adjustment of the tropical plant! Used to make manure and plant stalks as fuel or as thatching material or for preparing paper-pulp United states rainfed. And to avoid contamination of food and livestock feed temperate regions, however, it can be obtained any. Signs of drying stand, depending on variety, the season, cultural conditions, and R. Schuler1! Heavy planting rates, because germination of the castorbean plant are near the soil matter... Growth and yield. one acre of land present in the dyeing and finishing of fabrics leather... Seed may fail to set, however, it can be cultivated the! Use a planting rate of 6.35kg/acre ( about 15.6kg/hectare ) successful due to its demand local. At a depth of 12 to 3 in soil type, climate crop! Used to make manure and plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, St.,...
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