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In this example, Joe and Jane are a young couple who canada

Rising interest rates are changing the math

Canada Goose Outlet READ Canada Goose Parka MORE: How much do you really need for retirement? We did the math Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose store And if mortgage vs. RRSP wasn hard enough to tackle, the canada goose coats on sale introduction of Tax Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs) in 2009 has thrown a third option into the canada goose uk outlet mix. canada goose store

canadian goose jacket The good news here is that you can really go wrong whatever you choose. Debating the merits of a mortgage payment booster against those of feeding cash into an Canada Goose Coats On Sale RRSP or TFSA is a bit like splitting Canada Goose sale hairs about the health advantages of broccoli vs. cauliflower. canadian goose jacket

Still, walking through a concrete example will highlight some parameters to help make your decision.

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Canada Goose Jackets Meet Joe and Jane CanuckJoe and Jane Canuck are two imaginary Canadians and the protagonists of our made up personal finance scenario (if you been reading our Money123 personal finance series, you well acquainted with them by now). In this example, Joe and Jane are a young couple who canada goose coats just bought a $450,000 house with a 10 per cent down payment. Jane Canada Goose Jackets makes $60,000 a year and Joe $30,000 for a Canada Goose Online combined annual income of $90,000. They have a typical fixed rate mortgage at 3 per cent interest that is locked in for 5 years with a 25 year amortization. And they plan to retire at 65. Canada Goose Jackets

READ MORE: Nest egg canada goose uk shop inequality explains why women need canada goose outlet to save more than men

If the Canucks had $5,000 in savings to throw at their mortgage canada goose or invest, what should they do?

buy canada goose jacket For the answer, we turned to Jason Heath, managing director atThornhill, Ont. based Objective Financial Partners, a fee only financial planning firm. buy canada goose jacket

cheap Canada Goose The math for Joe and Jane is different, depending on whether we looking at a short term or long term scenario. cheap Canada Goose

WATCH: Why RRSPs aren for everyone

canada goose Joe and Jane calculation this yearIf Joe and Jane used the $5,000 to reduce their mortgage principal, they would be saving 3 per cent in interest, which is a bit like earning a 3 per cent guaranteed rate of return. canada goose

buy canada goose jacket cheap However, Heath noted, if the Canucks TFSA investments are earning more than a 3 per cent annual return, they would probably get more bang for their $5,000 by putting their money there. buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose deals As a third option, they could invest the $5,000 buy canada goose jacket in their RRSP. If their RRSP investments earn more than a 3 per cent annual return, they not only come out ahead compared to repaying their mortgage, they also get a tax refund of between 19 per cent and 28 per canada goose store cent, assuming they have no other tax deductions to claim, said Heath. The actual size of the RRSP refund would also depend ontheir province of cheap Canada Goose residence and whether Joe or Jane makes the contribution. canada goose deals

Canada Goose Parka over a one year period, if the Canucks think they can earn a higher investment return than their mortgage interest rate, the RRSP results in the biggest increase in their net worth, Heath said. Canada Goose Parka

WATCH: When it comes to saving for retirement, starting early pays off

But what if Joe and Jane had an extra $5,000 every Canada Goose Outlet year?When you look at the math from a long run perspective, there are a few canadian goose jacket more things to take into account.

Canada Goose online 1. Interest rates are rising Canada Goose online

Joe and Jane mortgage rate likely won stay 3 per cent. Federal Reserve canada goose clearance sale and https://www.pick-canadagoose.com other central banks around the world are slowly hiking their interest rates, which means borrowing money is getting uk canada goose outlet more expensive.

Now, it is unlikely that someone like the Canucks will every face the double digit mortgage rates of the 1980s. But their ratecould very well rise to 5 per cent in the future.

canada goose coats on sale 5 year fixed rates have been around 5 per cent over the past 10 years, 6 per cent over the past 20 and 7.5 per cent over the past 30 years. Young people like the Canucks may not appreciate how abnormally and temporarily low that interest rates are right now, Heath said. canada goose coats on sale

On that basis, they would need to be earning a return of more than 5 per cent on their TFSA to be better off investing rather than repaying their mortgage. If they were saving in an RRSP, the bar would be a little lower say around 4 per cent because they would also get the tax refund.

READ MORE:Your debt in 2018: The economic trends that could hit your pocketbook

2. RRSP money is eventually subject to tax

canada goose clearance sale Joe and Jane also need to keep in mind that money they put into an RRSP will be taxable when they take funds out. Withdrawals from a TFSA, on the other hand, are tax free. canada goose clearance sale

The tax advantages of using an RRSP are greatest Canada Goose online if you in a high tax bracket when making contributions (think: bigger RRSP refund) and in a relatively low tax bracket in retirement, uk canada goose when you taking money out (think: smaller taxes on your withdrawals). Also, if you reinvesting your tax refund into your RRSP, the longer the time between contributing canada goose clearance and withdrawing, the longer your money will have to grow tax free.

READ MORE:When saving into an RRSP instead of a TFSA could cost buy canada goose jacket cheap you dearly

canada goose clearance The math canada goose clearance

canada goose black friday sale Assuming a 5 per cent mortgage rate and 5 per cent annual return on RRSP investments, if the Canucks saved their $5,000 into RRSPa every year, they would canada goose factory sale end up with nest egg of $508,415 at age 65 and and an outstanding balance of $14,842 on their mortgage canada goose black friday sale.

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